The thermal conduction characteristics of GeTe and Ge2Sb2Te5(GST) nanowires were investigated using an optical method to determine the local temperature by Raman spectroscopy. Since the localization of surface charge in a single-crystalline nanostructure can enhance charge-phonon scattering, the thermal conductivity value (κ) of single crystalline GeTe and GST nanowires was decreased significantly to 1.44 Wm-1 K-1 for GeTe and 1.13 Wm-1 K-1 for GST, compared to reported values for polycrystalline structures. The SET-to-RESET state in single-crystalline GeTe and GST nanowires are characteristic of a memory device. Unlike previous reports using GeTe and GST nanowires, the SET-to-RESET characteristics showed a bipolar switching shape and no unipolar switching. In addition, after multiple cycles of operation, a significant change in morphology and composition was observed without any structural phase transition, indicating that atoms migrate toward the cathode or anode, depending on their electronegativities. This change caused by a field effect indicates that the structural phase transition does not occur in the case of GeTe and GST nanowires with a significantly lowered thermal conductivity and stable crystalline structure. Finally, the formation of voids and hillocks as the result of the electromigration critically degrades device reliability.
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© 2015 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)