In order to increase the failure temperature of Ta diffusion barrier for Cu, we investigated the effect of a thin V insertion layer (100 Å) into Ta film with/without ion bombardment on Ta diffusion barrier performance in Cu metallization. When the Ta/V/Ta diffusion barrier was deposited without concurrent ion bombardment, the insertion of the thin V layer into Ta film was not effective to improve the barrier performance of Ta film, because of the thermal instability of the Ta/V/Ta multilayer caused by the reaction between the Ta/V/Ta films and Si substrate. Meanwhile, when the Ta/V/Ta diffusion barrier was deposited with ion bombardment, the insertion of the thin V layer into Ta film improved barrier properties significantly. This was attributed not only to the densification of grain boundaries in Ta/V/Ta films, but also to the formation of two thermally stable sharp interfaces between Ta and V by ion bombardment, resulting in the reduction of the fast diffusion of Cu through Ta/V/Ta films.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)