The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of torrefaction on the pyrolysis of rubber wood sawdust (RWS) using pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). Three typical torrefaction temperatures (200, 250, and 300 °C) and pyrolysis temperatures (450, 500, and 550 °C) were considered. The results suggested that only diethyl phthalate, belonging to esters, was detected at the torrefaction temperatures of 200 and 250 °C, revealing hemicellulose degradation. With the torrefaction temperature of 300 °C, esters, aldehydes, and phenols were detected, suggesting the predominant decomposition of hemicellulose and lignin. The double-shot pyrolysis indicated that the contents of oxy-compounds such as acids and aldehydes in pyrolysis bio-oil decreased with rising torrefaction temperature, implying that increasing torrefaction severity abated oxygen content in the bio-oil. With the torrefaction temperature of 300 °C, relatively more cellulose was retained in the biomass because the carbohydrate content in the pyrolysis bio-oil increased significantly.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support ( MOST 106-2923-E-006-002-MY3 ) from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, ROC, for this research.
The authors acknowledge the financial support (MOST 106-2923-E-006-002-MY3) from the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, ROC, for this research.
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Waste Management and Disposal