Structure-property relationship was studied for fully aliphatic polyimides containing alicyclic dianhydride and diamine units. Rel-(1′R,3S,5′S) -spiro[furan-3(2H),6′-oxabicyclo[3.2.1]octane]-2,2′,4′, 5(4H)-tetrone (DAn) was used as an unsymmetrical spiro dianhydride, and 1,2,3,4-cyclopentanetetracarboxylic dianhydride (CPDA) and bicyclo[2.2.2]oct-7- ene-2,3,5,6-tetracarboxylic dianhydride (BOCA) were used as symmetrical non-spiro dianhydrides. 4,4′-Methylenebis(2-methylcyclohexylamine) (MMCA) and 5-amino-1,3,3-trimethylcyclohexanemethylamine (AMCH) were N-silylated, and reacted with the dianhydrides to prepare the fully alicyclic polyimides. The formation of the polyimides was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. DAn-based polyimides showed higher solubility than the polyimides derived from CPDA or BOCA. This was explained based on the results of wide-angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) analysis of the polyimides. The WAXD study showed that DAn-based polyimides have greater full width at half maximum (FWHM) and d-spacing values than the other polyimides. This indicates that DAn-containing polyimides have lower intermolecular order, decreased intermolecular interaction, and less close chain packing compared to the other polyimides. It is considered that the morphology of DAn polyimides is attributable to the unsymmetrical spiro structure of DAn that leads to bulkiness, irregularity, and non-linearity of the polyimide chains. Decomposition temperatures of the polyimides were investigated by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and UV-visible spectroscopy was performed to evaluate the optical transparency of the polyimides.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry