We studied the effects of Pd, Ru, and Ta seed-layers on the perpendicular magnetic properties of Co/Pd multilayers, promising materials for high-density magnetic recording media. Among the various seeds, the Ta seed-layer demonstrated a large coercivity and most highly promoted fcc (111) preferred orientation of the Co/Pd multilayer. We also patterned films into island arrays with sizes of 2 × 2 μm2, 5 × 5 μm2, and 10 × 10 μm2 to investigate the effect of size on the magnetic properties. The coercivity increased as the island size decreased. The 2 × 2 μm2 patterned Co/Pd multilayer with the Ta seed-layer showed a coercivity about six times greater than that of the un-patterned film. This increase can be explained by a change in the magnetization reversal mechanism from domain wall propagation to domain rotation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry