This study aims to investigate the effects of Y, Sr, and Nd additions on the microstructure and microfracture mechanism of the four squeeze-cast magnesium alloys based on the commercial AZ91 alloy. Microstructural observation, in situ fracture tests, and fractographic observation were conducted on the alloys to clarify the microfracture process. Microstructural analyses indicated that grain refinement could be achieved by small additions of alloying elements, although the discontinuously precipitated Mg17Al12 phases still existed on grain boundaries. From in situ fracture observation of an AZ91-Sr alloy, it was seen that coarse needle-shaped compound particles and Mg17Al12 phases located on the grain boundary provided easy intergranular fracture sites under low stress intensity factor levels, resulting in the drop in toughness. On the other hand, the AZ91-Y and AZ91-Nd alloys showed improved fracture toughness, since deformation and fracture paths proceeded into grains rather than to grain boundaries, as the planar slip bands and twinnings actively developed inside the grains. These findings suggested, on the basis of the well-developed planar slip bands and twinnings, that the small addition of Y or Nd was very effective in improving fracture toughness.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Jan 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Metals and Alloys