Hypoxic damage is one of the major causes of islet graft failure and VEGF is known to play a crucial role in revascularization. To address the effectiveness of a cationic lipid reagent as a VEGF gene carrier, and the beneficial effect of VEGF-transfected islets on glycemic control, we used effectene lipid reagent in a transfection experiment using mouse islets. Transfection efficiencies were highest for 4 μg/μL cDNA and 25 μL effectene and cell viabilities were also satisfactory under this condition, and the overproduction of VEGF mRNA and protein were confirmed from conditioned cells. A minimal number of VEGF-transfected islets (100 IEQ/animal) were transplanted into streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. Hyperglycemia was not controlled in the islet transplantation (IT)-alone group (0/8) (non-diabetic glucose mice number/total recipient mice number) or in the IT-pJDK control vector group (0/8). However, hyperglycemia was completely abrogated in the IT-pJDK-VEGF transduced group (8/8), and viable islets and increased VEGF-transfected grafts vascularization were observed in renal capsules. These studies support the usefulness of VEGF-transfected islet delivery using a cationic lipid reagent to achieve euglycemia using a minimal number of islets.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry