Effective Layer by Layer Cell Seeding into Non-Woven 3D Electrospun Scaffolds of Poly-L-Lactic Acid Microfibers for Uniform Tissue Formation

Jae Kyeong Kang, Mi Hee Lee, Byeong Ju Kwon, Hak Hee Kim, In Kyong Shim, Mi Ra Jung, Seung Jin Lee, Jong Chul Park

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A major challenge in the use of electrospun scaffolds for tissue generation is that tightly packed layers of nanofibers can block cell infiltration into the scaffold, resulting in non-homogeneous cell distribution. This can cause incomplete extracellular matrix deposition and failure to generate tissue. In this study, we developed a cell seeding method that supports cell infiltration and distribution within a three-dimensional (3D) flexible and shape-controllable electropun scaffold. Cells were seeded on the scaffold layer-by-layer and cell growth rate 7 days post seeding was compared to cell growth after traditional cell seeding. Scanning electron microscopy demonstrated that the shape-controlled scaffold consist of microfibers with uniform thickness. In using the layer-by-layer seeding method, we observed that the cells were distributed uniformly throughout the 3D scaffold. In contrast, use of the traditional cell seeding method resulted in the cells remaining on the surface of the scaffold. These results suggest that a layer-by-layer cell seeding method can improve cell distribution within a 3D scaffold and effectively facilitate tissue formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)795-799
Number of pages5
JournalMacromolecular Research
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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