In this study, the effect of introducing a small amount of cationic groups into the polymer main chain on the exfoliation of montmorillonite (MMT) and the physical properties of the subsequent MMT/polymer nanocomposites were investigated. As a matrix polymer, a polyurethane cationomer (PUC) containing 3 mol% of quaternary ammonium groups was synthesized and MMT/PUC nanocomposites containing various amounts of MMT were prepared by the solution intercalation method. From the WAXS and TEM analyses, it was found that the MMT layers were completely exfoliated and dispersed in the PUC matrix. The Young's modulus of the MMT/PUC nanocomposites significantly increased with increasing MMT content, but their elongation at break and maximum stress were maintained at a level close to that of the PU only at an MMT content of 1 wt% and decreased as the content of MMT increased above this level. The phase separation of the MMT/PUC nanocomposites was retarded with increasing content of MMT, due to the strong interactions between the PUC chains and the exfoliated MMT layers. It was found that the presence of small amounts of cationic groups in the main chain of the matrix polymer was very effective in facilitating the preparation of the MMT/polymer nanocomposites.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry