Background: Chronic anticoagulation is recommended in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and atrial fibrillation (AF). Non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are an alternative to warfarin, but there are limited data to support their use in patients with HCM and AF. We sought to compare thromboembolic events, bleeding, and mortality between NOAC and warfarin in patients with HCM and AF. Methods: From the Korean National Health Insurance Service database during the period from January 1, 2011, to December 31, 2016, we identified a warfarin-treated group of patients with HCM and AF (n = 955) who were compared with a 1:2 propensity-matched NOAC treated group (n = 1,504). Results: After a median follow-up of 16 months, the incidence rates of ischemic stroke and major bleeding were similar between NOAC- and warfarin-treated patients with HCM and AF. NOAC-treated patients had lower incidence rates for all-cause mortality (5.11 and 10.13 events per 100 person-years for NOAC and warfarin groups) and the composite of fatal cardiovascular events (0.77 and 1.80 events per 100 person-years). Compared with warfarin, use of NOACs was associated with a significantly lower risk of all cause-mortality (hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.32-0.57) and composite fatal cardiovascular events (hazard ratio, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.18-0.82). Conclusions: Compared with warfarin, patients with HCM and AF on NOACs had similar stroke and major bleeding risks, but lower all-cause mortality and composite fatal cardiovascular events. Our data suggest that patients with HCM and AF can be safely and effectively treated with NOACs.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
FUNDING/SUPPORT: This study was supported by a research grant from the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology [Grant NRF-2017R1A2B3003303] and by the Korean Healthcare Technology R&D project funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare [Grants HI16C0058 and HI15C1200].
© 2018 American College of Chest Physicians
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine