Effectiveness of biphasic calcium phosphate block bone substitutes processed using a modified extrusion method in rabbit calvarial defects

Hyun Chang Lim, Kyung Ho Song, Hoon You, Jung Seok Lee, Ui Won Jung, Suk Young Kim, Seong Ho Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This study evaluated the mechanical and structural properties of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) blocks processed using a modified extrusion method, and assessed their in vivo effectiveness using a rabbit calvarial defect model. Methods: BCP blocks with three distinct ratios of hydroxyapatite (HA):tricalcium phosphate (TCP) were produced using a modified extrusion method:HA8 (8%:92%), HA48 (48%:52%), and HA80 (80%:20%). The blocks were examined using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and a universal test machine. Four circular defects 8 mm in diameter were made in 12 rabbits. One defect in each animal served as a control, and the other three defects received the BCP blocks. The rabbits were sacrificed at either two weeks (n=6) or eight weeks (n=6) postoperatively. Results: The pore size, porosity, and compressive strength of the three types of bone block were 140-170 μm, >70%, and 4-9 MPa, respectively. Histologic and histomorphometric observations revealed that the augmented space was well maintained, but limited bone formation was observed around the defect base and defect margins. No significant differences were found in the amount of new bone formation, graft material resorption, or bone infiltration among the three types of BCP block at either of the postoperative healing points. Conclusions: Block bone substitutes with three distinct compositions (i.e., HA:TCP ratios) processed by a modified extrusion method exhibited limited osteoconductive potency, but excellent space-maintaining capability. Further investigations are required to improve the processing method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-55
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Periodontal and Implant Science
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Bone Substitutes
Rabbits
Durapatite
Osteogenesis
Compressive Strength
Porosity
Bone Resorption
Electron Scanning Microscopy
X-Rays
hydroxyapatite-beta tricalcium phosphate
Transplants
Bone and Bones

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oral Surgery
  • Periodontics

Cite this

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title = "Effectiveness of biphasic calcium phosphate block bone substitutes processed using a modified extrusion method in rabbit calvarial defects",
abstract = "Purpose: This study evaluated the mechanical and structural properties of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) blocks processed using a modified extrusion method, and assessed their in vivo effectiveness using a rabbit calvarial defect model. Methods: BCP blocks with three distinct ratios of hydroxyapatite (HA):tricalcium phosphate (TCP) were produced using a modified extrusion method:HA8 (8{\%}:92{\%}), HA48 (48{\%}:52{\%}), and HA80 (80{\%}:20{\%}). The blocks were examined using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and a universal test machine. Four circular defects 8 mm in diameter were made in 12 rabbits. One defect in each animal served as a control, and the other three defects received the BCP blocks. The rabbits were sacrificed at either two weeks (n=6) or eight weeks (n=6) postoperatively. Results: The pore size, porosity, and compressive strength of the three types of bone block were 140-170 μm, >70{\%}, and 4-9 MPa, respectively. Histologic and histomorphometric observations revealed that the augmented space was well maintained, but limited bone formation was observed around the defect base and defect margins. No significant differences were found in the amount of new bone formation, graft material resorption, or bone infiltration among the three types of BCP block at either of the postoperative healing points. Conclusions: Block bone substitutes with three distinct compositions (i.e., HA:TCP ratios) processed by a modified extrusion method exhibited limited osteoconductive potency, but excellent space-maintaining capability. Further investigations are required to improve the processing method.",
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Effectiveness of biphasic calcium phosphate block bone substitutes processed using a modified extrusion method in rabbit calvarial defects. / Lim, Hyun Chang; Song, Kyung Ho; You, Hoon; Lee, Jung Seok; Jung, Ui Won; Kim, Suk Young; Choi, Seong Ho.

In: Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science, Vol. 45, No. 2, 01.01.2015, p. 46-55.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effectiveness of biphasic calcium phosphate block bone substitutes processed using a modified extrusion method in rabbit calvarial defects

AU - Lim, Hyun Chang

AU - Song, Kyung Ho

AU - You, Hoon

AU - Lee, Jung Seok

AU - Jung, Ui Won

AU - Kim, Suk Young

AU - Choi, Seong Ho

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N2 - Purpose: This study evaluated the mechanical and structural properties of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) blocks processed using a modified extrusion method, and assessed their in vivo effectiveness using a rabbit calvarial defect model. Methods: BCP blocks with three distinct ratios of hydroxyapatite (HA):tricalcium phosphate (TCP) were produced using a modified extrusion method:HA8 (8%:92%), HA48 (48%:52%), and HA80 (80%:20%). The blocks were examined using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and a universal test machine. Four circular defects 8 mm in diameter were made in 12 rabbits. One defect in each animal served as a control, and the other three defects received the BCP blocks. The rabbits were sacrificed at either two weeks (n=6) or eight weeks (n=6) postoperatively. Results: The pore size, porosity, and compressive strength of the three types of bone block were 140-170 μm, >70%, and 4-9 MPa, respectively. Histologic and histomorphometric observations revealed that the augmented space was well maintained, but limited bone formation was observed around the defect base and defect margins. No significant differences were found in the amount of new bone formation, graft material resorption, or bone infiltration among the three types of BCP block at either of the postoperative healing points. Conclusions: Block bone substitutes with three distinct compositions (i.e., HA:TCP ratios) processed by a modified extrusion method exhibited limited osteoconductive potency, but excellent space-maintaining capability. Further investigations are required to improve the processing method.

AB - Purpose: This study evaluated the mechanical and structural properties of biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) blocks processed using a modified extrusion method, and assessed their in vivo effectiveness using a rabbit calvarial defect model. Methods: BCP blocks with three distinct ratios of hydroxyapatite (HA):tricalcium phosphate (TCP) were produced using a modified extrusion method:HA8 (8%:92%), HA48 (48%:52%), and HA80 (80%:20%). The blocks were examined using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffractometry, and a universal test machine. Four circular defects 8 mm in diameter were made in 12 rabbits. One defect in each animal served as a control, and the other three defects received the BCP blocks. The rabbits were sacrificed at either two weeks (n=6) or eight weeks (n=6) postoperatively. Results: The pore size, porosity, and compressive strength of the three types of bone block were 140-170 μm, >70%, and 4-9 MPa, respectively. Histologic and histomorphometric observations revealed that the augmented space was well maintained, but limited bone formation was observed around the defect base and defect margins. No significant differences were found in the amount of new bone formation, graft material resorption, or bone infiltration among the three types of BCP block at either of the postoperative healing points. Conclusions: Block bone substitutes with three distinct compositions (i.e., HA:TCP ratios) processed by a modified extrusion method exhibited limited osteoconductive potency, but excellent space-maintaining capability. Further investigations are required to improve the processing method.

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