Effectiveness of pirfenidone in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis according to the autoantibody status: a retrospective cohort study

Myung Jin Song, Sang Hoon Lee, Ji Ye Jung, Young Ae Kang, Moo Suk Park, Young Sam Kim, Joon Chang, Song Yee Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Pirfenidone is an anti-fibrotic agent shown to slow the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). However, its effectiveness in association with serological autoimmune features in IPF remains unclear. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with IPF treated at a tertiary care hospital in South Korea. The autoantibody status was defined as positive if we detected autoantibodies meeting the serological domain criteria for interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features or anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies. Results: We included 142 patients with IPF treated with pirfenidone for over six months (93 were autoantibody-positive and 49 were autoantibody-negative). The mean age was 69.5 ± 7.3 years, and 77.5% of the patients were male. The adjusted mean changes over one year were − 34.4 and − 112.2 mL (p = 0.168) in forced vital capacity (FVC), and − 0.53 and − 0.72 mL/mmHg/min (p = 0.356) in the lungs diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) in the autoantibody-negative and autoantibody-positive groups, respectively. Conclusions: Reductions in FVC and DLCO were similar in autoantibody-positive and autoantibody-negative patients with IPF treated with pirfenidone. Pirfenidone is effective in attenuating the progression of IPF, irrespective of the autoantibody status.

Original languageEnglish
Article number145
JournalBMC pulmonary medicine
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effectiveness of pirfenidone in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis according to the autoantibody status: a retrospective cohort study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this