Effects of a 12-week home-based exercise program on quality of life, psychological health, and the level of physical activity in colorectal cancer survivors

a randomized controlled trial

Ji Young Kim, Mi Kyung Lee, Dong Hoon Lee, Dong Woo Kang, Ji Hee Min, Ji Won Lee, Sang Hui Chu, Min Su Cho, Namkyu Kim, Justin Y. Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the effects of a home-based exercise program on quality of life (QOL), psychological health, and the level of physical activity (PA) in colorectal cancer survivors. Methods: Seventy-one colorectal cancer survivors were randomized into either a home-based exercise group (N = 37) or control group (N = 34). The home-based exercise program included unsupervised walking, stationary bike, or swimming for aerobic exercise, as well as resistance exercise DVDs, a pedometer, and an exercise log. The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale, patient health questionnaire, and Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire were used to assess QOL, fatigue, depression, and PA levels. Results: Among the 71 participants, 30 in the exercise group and 28 in the control group completed the study. The change in the QOL between the intervention and control groups was insignificant. However, QOL was significantly improved in the exercise group (QOL, p = 0.024). Sub-domain of QOL, emotional well-being, and trial outcome index-physical/functional/colorectal (p = 0.015 and p = 0.035, respectively) were improved in the exercise group. The level of PA was significantly increased after 12 weeks in the exercise group (97.0 ± 188.5 vs. 332.6 ± 306.1, p < 0.001), and the change significantly differed compared with the control group (mean change 235.6 vs. 16.3, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The home-based exercise program may improve the QOL and psychological health in colorectal cancer survivors. We have demonstrated that the home-based exercise program was effective in increasing the level of PA in colorectal cancer survivors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2933-2940
Number of pages8
JournalSupportive Care in Cancer
Volume27
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 1

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Health Status
Survivors
Colorectal Neoplasms
Randomized Controlled Trials
Quality of Life
Exercise
Psychology
Control Groups
Fatigue
Leisure Activities
Health
Walking
Chronic Disease

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology

Cite this

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title = "Effects of a 12-week home-based exercise program on quality of life, psychological health, and the level of physical activity in colorectal cancer survivors: a randomized controlled trial",
abstract = "Purpose: To examine the effects of a home-based exercise program on quality of life (QOL), psychological health, and the level of physical activity (PA) in colorectal cancer survivors. Methods: Seventy-one colorectal cancer survivors were randomized into either a home-based exercise group (N = 37) or control group (N = 34). The home-based exercise program included unsupervised walking, stationary bike, or swimming for aerobic exercise, as well as resistance exercise DVDs, a pedometer, and an exercise log. The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale, patient health questionnaire, and Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire were used to assess QOL, fatigue, depression, and PA levels. Results: Among the 71 participants, 30 in the exercise group and 28 in the control group completed the study. The change in the QOL between the intervention and control groups was insignificant. However, QOL was significantly improved in the exercise group (QOL, p = 0.024). Sub-domain of QOL, emotional well-being, and trial outcome index-physical/functional/colorectal (p = 0.015 and p = 0.035, respectively) were improved in the exercise group. The level of PA was significantly increased after 12 weeks in the exercise group (97.0 ± 188.5 vs. 332.6 ± 306.1, p < 0.001), and the change significantly differed compared with the control group (mean change 235.6 vs. 16.3, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The home-based exercise program may improve the QOL and psychological health in colorectal cancer survivors. We have demonstrated that the home-based exercise program was effective in increasing the level of PA in colorectal cancer survivors.",
author = "Kim, {Ji Young} and Lee, {Mi Kyung} and Lee, {Dong Hoon} and Kang, {Dong Woo} and Min, {Ji Hee} and Lee, {Ji Won} and Chu, {Sang Hui} and Cho, {Min Su} and Namkyu Kim and Jeon, {Justin Y.}",
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Effects of a 12-week home-based exercise program on quality of life, psychological health, and the level of physical activity in colorectal cancer survivors : a randomized controlled trial. / Kim, Ji Young; Lee, Mi Kyung; Lee, Dong Hoon; Kang, Dong Woo; Min, Ji Hee; Lee, Ji Won; Chu, Sang Hui; Cho, Min Su; Kim, Namkyu; Jeon, Justin Y.

In: Supportive Care in Cancer, Vol. 27, No. 8, 01.08.2019, p. 2933-2940.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of a 12-week home-based exercise program on quality of life, psychological health, and the level of physical activity in colorectal cancer survivors

T2 - a randomized controlled trial

AU - Kim, Ji Young

AU - Lee, Mi Kyung

AU - Lee, Dong Hoon

AU - Kang, Dong Woo

AU - Min, Ji Hee

AU - Lee, Ji Won

AU - Chu, Sang Hui

AU - Cho, Min Su

AU - Kim, Namkyu

AU - Jeon, Justin Y.

PY - 2019/8/1

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N2 - Purpose: To examine the effects of a home-based exercise program on quality of life (QOL), psychological health, and the level of physical activity (PA) in colorectal cancer survivors. Methods: Seventy-one colorectal cancer survivors were randomized into either a home-based exercise group (N = 37) or control group (N = 34). The home-based exercise program included unsupervised walking, stationary bike, or swimming for aerobic exercise, as well as resistance exercise DVDs, a pedometer, and an exercise log. The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale, patient health questionnaire, and Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire were used to assess QOL, fatigue, depression, and PA levels. Results: Among the 71 participants, 30 in the exercise group and 28 in the control group completed the study. The change in the QOL between the intervention and control groups was insignificant. However, QOL was significantly improved in the exercise group (QOL, p = 0.024). Sub-domain of QOL, emotional well-being, and trial outcome index-physical/functional/colorectal (p = 0.015 and p = 0.035, respectively) were improved in the exercise group. The level of PA was significantly increased after 12 weeks in the exercise group (97.0 ± 188.5 vs. 332.6 ± 306.1, p < 0.001), and the change significantly differed compared with the control group (mean change 235.6 vs. 16.3, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The home-based exercise program may improve the QOL and psychological health in colorectal cancer survivors. We have demonstrated that the home-based exercise program was effective in increasing the level of PA in colorectal cancer survivors.

AB - Purpose: To examine the effects of a home-based exercise program on quality of life (QOL), psychological health, and the level of physical activity (PA) in colorectal cancer survivors. Methods: Seventy-one colorectal cancer survivors were randomized into either a home-based exercise group (N = 37) or control group (N = 34). The home-based exercise program included unsupervised walking, stationary bike, or swimming for aerobic exercise, as well as resistance exercise DVDs, a pedometer, and an exercise log. The Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal, Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue Scale, patient health questionnaire, and Godin Leisure-Time Exercise Questionnaire were used to assess QOL, fatigue, depression, and PA levels. Results: Among the 71 participants, 30 in the exercise group and 28 in the control group completed the study. The change in the QOL between the intervention and control groups was insignificant. However, QOL was significantly improved in the exercise group (QOL, p = 0.024). Sub-domain of QOL, emotional well-being, and trial outcome index-physical/functional/colorectal (p = 0.015 and p = 0.035, respectively) were improved in the exercise group. The level of PA was significantly increased after 12 weeks in the exercise group (97.0 ± 188.5 vs. 332.6 ± 306.1, p < 0.001), and the change significantly differed compared with the control group (mean change 235.6 vs. 16.3, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The home-based exercise program may improve the QOL and psychological health in colorectal cancer survivors. We have demonstrated that the home-based exercise program was effective in increasing the level of PA in colorectal cancer survivors.

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