Introduction: A randomized, double-blind, prospective, 24-week clinical trial was performed to evaluate the effects of a combinative agent, Maxmarvil, of calcitriol (0.5 μg) and alendronate (5 mg) on bone metabolism in postmenopausal women. Methods: A total of 217 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis were enrolled; 199 patients were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups (Maxmarvil group or alfacalcidol group). None of the patients were vitamin-D-deficient, as assessed by serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), nor had they received any drugs affecting bone metabolism before enrollment. Bone mineral densities (BMD) of L1-L4 and the femur were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) at the initial assessment and after 6 months of treatment. Serum biochemical assays, including serum calcium, 24-h urinary calcium excretion, and bone turnover markers (both bone-specific alkaline phosphatase [bsALP] and urine N-telopeptide [NTx]), were performed at the baseline and after 3 and 6 months of treatment. Results: In the Maxmarvil group, the BMD of the lumbar spine increased up to 2.42±0.5% from the baseline after 6 months (p<0.05). On the other hand, the change in BMD in the alfacalcidol group was 0.28±0.5% after 6 months. There was no significant difference in femoral BMD between the two groups. The levels of bsALP and NTx were significantly lower in the Maxmarvil group than in the alfacalcidol group (-22.04±3.9% vs. -11.42±2.8% [p<0.05] and -25.46±5.2% vs. 1.24±6.2% [p<0.001], respectively). Interestingly, there was a significantly smaller amount of 24-h urinary calcium in the Maxmarvil group (p<0.05). Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that a combination of calcitriol and alendronate is quite effective in preventing bone loss, with the advantage of lesser hypercalciuric effect of calcitriol in the postmenopausal osteoporotic women.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism