Effects of age, sex, and menopausal status on blood cholesterol profile in the Korean population

Ji Hye Park, Myung Ha Lee, Jee Seon Shim, Dong Phil Choi, Bo Mi Song, Seung Won Lee, Hansol Choi, HyeonChang Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: To investigate age-specific and sex-specific distributions of blood cholesterol in the general Korean population. Subjects and Methods: We analyzed data for 8284 men and 9246 women aged.10 years who participated in the fifth (2010.2012) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Age-specific means, medians, and selected percentiles were calculated for men, premenopausal women, and postmenopausal women. Results: Median total cholesterol (TC) level increased with age across all age groups, from 147 to 196 mg/dL in males and from 159 to 210 mg/dL in females. Triglyceride (TG) levels increased with age in females; however, in males, TG levels rapidly increased during young adulthood, peaked at 50.54 years, and then decreased. High density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were higher in females than in males and decreased with increasing age in both males and females. Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels increased with age across all age groups, from 89 to 127 mg/dL in males and from 82 to 113 mg/dL in females. Lipoprotein-cholesterol fraction (TC/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C, TG/HDL-C, non-HDL-C) levels increased with age in females, but increased more rapidly in males during young adulthood and decreased after middle age. Conclusion: Blood cholesterol levels and lipoprotein-cholesterol fractions present different distributions by age, sex, and menopausal status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
JournalKorean Circulation Journal
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Cholesterol
HDL Cholesterol
Population
Sex Distribution
Triglycerides
LDL Cholesterol
Age Groups
Nutrition Surveys
Age Distribution
Korea
lipoprotein cholesterol

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Park, Ji Hye ; Lee, Myung Ha ; Shim, Jee Seon ; Choi, Dong Phil ; Song, Bo Mi ; Lee, Seung Won ; Choi, Hansol ; Kim, HyeonChang. / Effects of age, sex, and menopausal status on blood cholesterol profile in the Korean population. In: Korean Circulation Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 45, No. 2. pp. 141-148.
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Effects of age, sex, and menopausal status on blood cholesterol profile in the Korean population. / Park, Ji Hye; Lee, Myung Ha; Shim, Jee Seon; Choi, Dong Phil; Song, Bo Mi; Lee, Seung Won; Choi, Hansol; Kim, HyeonChang.

In: Korean Circulation Journal, Vol. 45, No. 2, 01.01.2015, p. 141-148.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Background and Objectives: To investigate age-specific and sex-specific distributions of blood cholesterol in the general Korean population. Subjects and Methods: We analyzed data for 8284 men and 9246 women aged.10 years who participated in the fifth (2010.2012) Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Age-specific means, medians, and selected percentiles were calculated for men, premenopausal women, and postmenopausal women. Results: Median total cholesterol (TC) level increased with age across all age groups, from 147 to 196 mg/dL in males and from 159 to 210 mg/dL in females. Triglyceride (TG) levels increased with age in females; however, in males, TG levels rapidly increased during young adulthood, peaked at 50.54 years, and then decreased. High density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were higher in females than in males and decreased with increasing age in both males and females. Low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels increased with age across all age groups, from 89 to 127 mg/dL in males and from 82 to 113 mg/dL in females. Lipoprotein-cholesterol fraction (TC/HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C, TG/HDL-C, non-HDL-C) levels increased with age in females, but increased more rapidly in males during young adulthood and decreased after middle age. Conclusion: Blood cholesterol levels and lipoprotein-cholesterol fractions present different distributions by age, sex, and menopausal status.

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