Effects of Al on microstructure and tensile properties of C-bearing high Mn TWIP steel

J. E. Jin, Young-Kook Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

187 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effects of Al on microstructure, stacking fault energy, tensile properties and fractured surface in Fe-18Mn-0.6C-(0-2)Al twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steels were systemically investigated. The Al addition suppressed the cementite precipitation during cooling after hot-rolling. The stacking-fault energy was linearly raised with a constant slope of 7.8 mJ m -2 per 1 wt.% Al. The Al addition increased the yield stress, reduction in area, uniform (e u), and post-uniform (e pu) elongations, while it decreased the amount and rate of strain hardening and dynamic strain aging (DSA). In particular, although the e pu of the TWIP steel without Al was almost zero, it was improved up to ∼7% by addition of 2 wt.% Al, which was comparable with those of dual phase and TRIP steels with a similar tensile strength of 780 MPa. In order to elucidate the reasons for the poor e pu in C-bearing TWIP steel and for the prolonged e pu by Al addition, the apparent absolute strain-rate sensitivity m=dσ/dlṅ of two TWIP steels with different Al concentrations of 0 and 2 wt.% was investigated at room temperature. Both TWIP steels had negative strain-rate sensitivity at a large strain ( = 0.4) of just before necking. However, the Al addition increased the strain-rate sensitivity, resulting in improved e pu because of reduced DSA by decreases in both activity and diffusivity of C in austenite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1680-1688
Number of pages9
JournalActa Materialia
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb 1

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Bearings (structural)
Steel
Twinning
Tensile properties
Plasticity
Microstructure
Strain rate
Stacking faults
Aging of materials
Hot rolling
Strain hardening
Austenite
Yield stress
Elongation
Tensile strength
Cooling

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

Cite this

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title = "Effects of Al on microstructure and tensile properties of C-bearing high Mn TWIP steel",
abstract = "The effects of Al on microstructure, stacking fault energy, tensile properties and fractured surface in Fe-18Mn-0.6C-(0-2)Al twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steels were systemically investigated. The Al addition suppressed the cementite precipitation during cooling after hot-rolling. The stacking-fault energy was linearly raised with a constant slope of 7.8 mJ m -2 per 1 wt.{\%} Al. The Al addition increased the yield stress, reduction in area, uniform (e u), and post-uniform (e pu) elongations, while it decreased the amount and rate of strain hardening and dynamic strain aging (DSA). In particular, although the e pu of the TWIP steel without Al was almost zero, it was improved up to ∼7{\%} by addition of 2 wt.{\%} Al, which was comparable with those of dual phase and TRIP steels with a similar tensile strength of 780 MPa. In order to elucidate the reasons for the poor e pu in C-bearing TWIP steel and for the prolonged e pu by Al addition, the apparent absolute strain-rate sensitivity m=dσ/dlṅ of two TWIP steels with different Al concentrations of 0 and 2 wt.{\%} was investigated at room temperature. Both TWIP steels had negative strain-rate sensitivity at a large strain ( = 0.4) of just before necking. However, the Al addition increased the strain-rate sensitivity, resulting in improved e pu because of reduced DSA by decreases in both activity and diffusivity of C in austenite.",
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Effects of Al on microstructure and tensile properties of C-bearing high Mn TWIP steel. / Jin, J. E.; Lee, Young-Kook.

In: Acta Materialia, Vol. 60, No. 4, 01.02.2012, p. 1680-1688.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The effects of Al on microstructure, stacking fault energy, tensile properties and fractured surface in Fe-18Mn-0.6C-(0-2)Al twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steels were systemically investigated. The Al addition suppressed the cementite precipitation during cooling after hot-rolling. The stacking-fault energy was linearly raised with a constant slope of 7.8 mJ m -2 per 1 wt.% Al. The Al addition increased the yield stress, reduction in area, uniform (e u), and post-uniform (e pu) elongations, while it decreased the amount and rate of strain hardening and dynamic strain aging (DSA). In particular, although the e pu of the TWIP steel without Al was almost zero, it was improved up to ∼7% by addition of 2 wt.% Al, which was comparable with those of dual phase and TRIP steels with a similar tensile strength of 780 MPa. In order to elucidate the reasons for the poor e pu in C-bearing TWIP steel and for the prolonged e pu by Al addition, the apparent absolute strain-rate sensitivity m=dσ/dlṅ of two TWIP steels with different Al concentrations of 0 and 2 wt.% was investigated at room temperature. Both TWIP steels had negative strain-rate sensitivity at a large strain ( = 0.4) of just before necking. However, the Al addition increased the strain-rate sensitivity, resulting in improved e pu because of reduced DSA by decreases in both activity and diffusivity of C in austenite.

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