The effects of Al on microstructure, stacking fault energy, tensile properties and fractured surface in Fe-18Mn-0.6C-(0-2)Al twinning-induced plasticity (TWIP) steels were systemically investigated. The Al addition suppressed the cementite precipitation during cooling after hot-rolling. The stacking-fault energy was linearly raised with a constant slope of 7.8 mJ m -2 per 1 wt.% Al. The Al addition increased the yield stress, reduction in area, uniform (e u), and post-uniform (e pu) elongations, while it decreased the amount and rate of strain hardening and dynamic strain aging (DSA). In particular, although the e pu of the TWIP steel without Al was almost zero, it was improved up to ∼7% by addition of 2 wt.% Al, which was comparable with those of dual phase and TRIP steels with a similar tensile strength of 780 MPa. In order to elucidate the reasons for the poor e pu in C-bearing TWIP steel and for the prolonged e pu by Al addition, the apparent absolute strain-rate sensitivity m=dσ/dlṅ of two TWIP steels with different Al concentrations of 0 and 2 wt.% was investigated at room temperature. Both TWIP steels had negative strain-rate sensitivity at a large strain ( = 0.4) of just before necking. However, the Al addition increased the strain-rate sensitivity, resulting in improved e pu because of reduced DSA by decreases in both activity and diffusivity of C in austenite.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors are grateful for a Grant from the Fundamental R&D Program for Core Technology of Materials funded by the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Energy, Republic of Korea, and for financial and materials supports from POSCO. The authors are also grateful to the Korea Basic Science Institute (KBSI) for the nano-SIMS experiment.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys