To improve the performance of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), various types of single cells are manufactured using a thin-film electrolyte of Yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and an anode functional layer composed of a NiO-YSZ nano-composite powder. Microstructural/electrochemical analyses are conducted. Single-cell performances are highly dependent on electrolyte thickness, to the degree that the maximum power density increases from 0.74 to 1.12 W cm-2 according to a decrease in electrolyte thickness from 10.5 to 6.5 μm at 800 °C. The anode functional layer reduced the polarization resistance of a single cell from 1.07 to 0.48 Ω cm2 at 800 °C. This is attributed to the provision by the anode layer of a highly reactive and uniform electrode microstructure. It is concluded that optimization of the thickness and homogeneity of component microstructure improves single-cell performances.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Core Technology Development Program for Fuel Cells of the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Korea Institute of Science and Technology Evaluation and Planning.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering