To improve the performance of anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), various types of single cells are manufactured using a thin-film electrolyte of Yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and an anode functional layer composed of a NiO-YSZ nano-composite powder. Microstructural/electrochemical analyses are conducted. Single-cell performances are highly dependent on electrolyte thickness, to the degree that the maximum power density increases from 0.74 to 1.12 W cm-2 according to a decrease in electrolyte thickness from 10.5 to 6.5 μm at 800 °C. The anode functional layer reduced the polarization resistance of a single cell from 1.07 to 0.48 Ω cm2 at 800 °C. This is attributed to the provision by the anode layer of a highly reactive and uniform electrode microstructure. It is concluded that optimization of the thickness and homogeneity of component microstructure improves single-cell performances.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering