Effects of Balance Training Using a Virtual Reality Program in Hemiplegic Patients

Jung Ah Kwon, Yoon Kyum Shin, Deok Ju Kim, Sung Rae Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Therapeutic goals for hemiplegic patients with neurological impairments are mainly focused on improving their independent lives. Based on the previously reported effectiveness of Wii Fit balance training, this study investigated the most influential outcomes after long-term intensive training (including balance and functional factors) on quality of life in hemiplegic patients. The intervention group (n = 21) received Nintendo Wii Fit balance training under supervision, and control group (n = 20) received conventional balance training by an occupational therapist. Two groups were matched based on age and onset duration. Both groups received a total of 15 treatments for 30 min per session, twice a week for 8 weeks. There were significant improvements not only in balance confidence and activities of daily living, but also in body composition, such as fat proportion and metabolic rate, in the intervention group compared to the control group (p < 0.05). In particular, balance confidence significantly affected EuroQoL Visual Analogue Scale according to stepwise multiple regression analyses in this study. These results demonstrated that Wii Fit balance training using virtual reality improved the quality of life of hemiplegic patients while overcoming the asymmetrical weight distribution of the affected side via the self-modulating biofeedback exercises.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2805
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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