Effects of base-pretreatment on continuous enriched culture for hydrogen production from food waste

Sang Hyoun Kim, Hang Sik Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

97 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to achieve a reliable start-up method for continuous enriched culture for hydrogen production from food waste. When ground and diluted food waste (volatile solids (VS) 4.4 ± 0.2% containing 27 g carbohydrate-chemical oxygen demand/L) was fed, H2 production decreased below 7.1 mL H2/g VS (0.10 mol H2/mol hexoseadded) within 20 days, because the substrate was consumed via non-H2-producing acidogenesis. To suppress the unintended microbial reactions, three methods were examined: lowering H2 content by continuous CO2 sparging, acid-pretreatment of food waste at pH 2.0 for 1 day, and base-pretreatment of food waste at pH 12.5 for 1 day. The base-pretreatment reduced indigenous anaerobic bacteria in food waste by 4.9 log and enabled a stable long-term operation over 90 days with the H2 yields of 62.6 mL H2/g VS (0.87 mol H2/mol hexoseadded). All bacterial species were affiliated with H2-producing Clostridium spp. at the cases. Base dosage was increased by 11% compared to the un-pretreated condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5266-5274
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume33
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Oct 1

Fingerprint

hydrogen production
Hydrogen production
food
pretreatment
Clostridium
Chemical oxygen demand
carbohydrates
Carbohydrates
bacteria
Bacteria
dosage
acids
Acids
oxygen
Substrates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "This study aimed to achieve a reliable start-up method for continuous enriched culture for hydrogen production from food waste. When ground and diluted food waste (volatile solids (VS) 4.4 ± 0.2{\%} containing 27 g carbohydrate-chemical oxygen demand/L) was fed, H2 production decreased below 7.1 mL H2/g VS (0.10 mol H2/mol hexoseadded) within 20 days, because the substrate was consumed via non-H2-producing acidogenesis. To suppress the unintended microbial reactions, three methods were examined: lowering H2 content by continuous CO2 sparging, acid-pretreatment of food waste at pH 2.0 for 1 day, and base-pretreatment of food waste at pH 12.5 for 1 day. The base-pretreatment reduced indigenous anaerobic bacteria in food waste by 4.9 log and enabled a stable long-term operation over 90 days with the H2 yields of 62.6 mL H2/g VS (0.87 mol H2/mol hexoseadded). All bacterial species were affiliated with H2-producing Clostridium spp. at the cases. Base dosage was increased by 11{\%} compared to the un-pretreated condition.",
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Effects of base-pretreatment on continuous enriched culture for hydrogen production from food waste. / Kim, Sang Hyoun; Shin, Hang Sik.

In: International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 33, No. 19, 01.10.2008, p. 5266-5274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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