To determine the thermal characteristics of linear and crosslinked polyimides (PIs), BTDA, ODPA, and 6FDA were used to synthesize polyimides. Thermal degradation temperature and glass transition temperature of the resulting PIs were measured using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). To measure the change in modulus and coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) depending on dianhydride structure, a dynamic mechanical analyzer (DMA) and thermo-mechanical analyzer (TMA) were used. The thermal degradation and glass transition temperature properties of linear PIs varied according to whether the linear chain adopted a bulky or flexible structure. Dynamic modulus and thermal expansion values of linear polyimides also showed good agreement with the TGA and DSC results. As we expected, linear polyimide with bulky 6FDA groups showed better thermal behavior than the flexible polyimides. Crosslinked polyimide nadic end-capped (norbornene) with a bulky dianhydride group had a lower thermal degradation temperature and higher CTE than flexible BTDA and ODPA polyimides. Our results indicate that the mobility of the dianhydride group affects the thermal behaviors of linear and crosslinked polyimides in different ways.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry