Effects of different types and frequencies of physical activity on the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance

Junhyun Kwon, Woorim Kim, Sang Ah Lee, Dongwoo Choi, Euncheol Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study analyzed the type and frequency of physical activity that most effectively reduces the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR) among adults (≥19 years) in Asia. We used national representative data from 1645 men and 2272 women who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2015 were included in the analysis. The effects of different types and frequencies of physical activity on HOMA2-IR were investigated using a multiple regression analysis. Compared with no activity, moderate-To-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) ≥5 times per week (β:-0.214, p≤0.0198) and walking and MVPA ≥5 times per week (β:-0.183, p≤0.0049) were negatively associated with HOMA2-IR. In the subgroup analysis, the strongest effect was observed among overweight men. Additionally, walking plus MVPA ≥5 times per week had the strongest effect on men with a higher-Than-recommended daily calorie intake (β:-0.350, p≤0.0030). Therefore, in conclusion, the appropriate type and frequency of physical activity can help reduce HOMA2-IR in South Korean men, especially those who are overweight and/or have a higher-Than-recommended daily calorie intake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-849
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Investigative Medicine
Volume67
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Nutrition
Regression analysis
Insulin Resistance
Health
Exercise
Insulin
Recommended Dietary Allowances
Walking
Nutrition Surveys
Korea
Regression Analysis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

@article{d9ba5109b22542f2a0693a7d18216e8e,
title = "Effects of different types and frequencies of physical activity on the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance",
abstract = "This study analyzed the type and frequency of physical activity that most effectively reduces the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR) among adults (≥19 years) in Asia. We used national representative data from 1645 men and 2272 women who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2015 were included in the analysis. The effects of different types and frequencies of physical activity on HOMA2-IR were investigated using a multiple regression analysis. Compared with no activity, moderate-To-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) ≥5 times per week (β:-0.214, p≤0.0198) and walking and MVPA ≥5 times per week (β:-0.183, p≤0.0049) were negatively associated with HOMA2-IR. In the subgroup analysis, the strongest effect was observed among overweight men. Additionally, walking plus MVPA ≥5 times per week had the strongest effect on men with a higher-Than-recommended daily calorie intake (β:-0.350, p≤0.0030). Therefore, in conclusion, the appropriate type and frequency of physical activity can help reduce HOMA2-IR in South Korean men, especially those who are overweight and/or have a higher-Than-recommended daily calorie intake.",
author = "Junhyun Kwon and Woorim Kim and Lee, {Sang Ah} and Dongwoo Choi and Euncheol Park",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1136/jim-2018-000885",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "841--849",
journal = "Journal of Investigative Medicine",
issn = "1081-5589",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "5",

}

Effects of different types and frequencies of physical activity on the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance. / Kwon, Junhyun; Kim, Woorim; Lee, Sang Ah; Choi, Dongwoo; Park, Euncheol.

In: Journal of Investigative Medicine, Vol. 67, No. 5, 01.06.2019, p. 841-849.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of different types and frequencies of physical activity on the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance

AU - Kwon, Junhyun

AU - Kim, Woorim

AU - Lee, Sang Ah

AU - Choi, Dongwoo

AU - Park, Euncheol

PY - 2019/6/1

Y1 - 2019/6/1

N2 - This study analyzed the type and frequency of physical activity that most effectively reduces the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR) among adults (≥19 years) in Asia. We used national representative data from 1645 men and 2272 women who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2015 were included in the analysis. The effects of different types and frequencies of physical activity on HOMA2-IR were investigated using a multiple regression analysis. Compared with no activity, moderate-To-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) ≥5 times per week (β:-0.214, p≤0.0198) and walking and MVPA ≥5 times per week (β:-0.183, p≤0.0049) were negatively associated with HOMA2-IR. In the subgroup analysis, the strongest effect was observed among overweight men. Additionally, walking plus MVPA ≥5 times per week had the strongest effect on men with a higher-Than-recommended daily calorie intake (β:-0.350, p≤0.0030). Therefore, in conclusion, the appropriate type and frequency of physical activity can help reduce HOMA2-IR in South Korean men, especially those who are overweight and/or have a higher-Than-recommended daily calorie intake.

AB - This study analyzed the type and frequency of physical activity that most effectively reduces the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA2-IR) among adults (≥19 years) in Asia. We used national representative data from 1645 men and 2272 women who participated in the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2015 were included in the analysis. The effects of different types and frequencies of physical activity on HOMA2-IR were investigated using a multiple regression analysis. Compared with no activity, moderate-To-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) ≥5 times per week (β:-0.214, p≤0.0198) and walking and MVPA ≥5 times per week (β:-0.183, p≤0.0049) were negatively associated with HOMA2-IR. In the subgroup analysis, the strongest effect was observed among overweight men. Additionally, walking plus MVPA ≥5 times per week had the strongest effect on men with a higher-Than-recommended daily calorie intake (β:-0.350, p≤0.0030). Therefore, in conclusion, the appropriate type and frequency of physical activity can help reduce HOMA2-IR in South Korean men, especially those who are overweight and/or have a higher-Than-recommended daily calorie intake.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85060236421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85060236421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/jim-2018-000885

DO - 10.1136/jim-2018-000885

M3 - Article

VL - 67

SP - 841

EP - 849

JO - Journal of Investigative Medicine

JF - Journal of Investigative Medicine

SN - 1081-5589

IS - 5

ER -