The reproducibility problem is one of the central issues in n-type Bi2Te3-based thermoelectric materials. We herein investigate the effects of doping on the positional uniformity of the electronic transport properties of spark-plasma-sintered Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 polycrystalline bulks. Both the electrical conductivity and the Seebeck coefficient showed severe deviations with position in the pristine Bi2Te2.7Se0.3 bulk due to the variation in carrier concentration originating from the formation of Te- and Se-site vacancies. This non-uniformity problem could be significantly improved by the addition of excess elemental Cu and Te. Uniformity enhanced by Cu addition might be considered to be related with the suppression of Te/Se evaporation in the presence of intercalated Cu atoms. A maximum power factor value of ∼2.72 mW/mK2 at 300 K was obtained for Cu0.01Bi2Te2.7Se0.3.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a Fundamental Research and Development Program for Core Technology of Materials Grant funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, Republic of Korea (10048035). This research was also supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (2014R1A1A2057767).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy(all)