Effects of entecavir and tenofovir on renal function in patients with hepatitis B virus-related compensated and decompensated cirrhosis

Jihye Park, Kyu Sik Jung, Hye Won Lee, Beom Kyung Kim, Seung Up Kim, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang Hyub Han, Jun Yong Park

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12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: The renal effects of nucleos(t)ide analogs in patients with chronic hepatitis B are controversial. We aimed to compare the impact of entecavir (ETV) and tenofovir (TDF) on renal function in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhosis. Methods: We performed a retrospective cohort study of 235 consecutive treatment-naïve patients with HBV-related cirrhosis who were treated with ETV or TDF between December 2012 and November 2013 at Severance Hospital, Seoul, Korea. Results: Compensated cirrhosis was noted in 183 patients (ETV 130, TDF 53), and decompensated cirrhosis was noted in 52 patients (ETV 32, TDF 20). There were no significant changes in estimated glomerular filtration rates (eGFR) from baseline in either the ETV- or TDF-treated groups at week 96 (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration, ETV -1.68% and TDF -5.03%, p=0.358). Using a multivariate analysis, the significant factors associated with a decrease in eGFR >20% were baseline eGFR, diabetes mellitus (DM), and the use of diuretics. The use of antiviral agents and baseline decompensation were not determined to be significant factors. Conclusions: In patients with HBV-related cirrhosis, TDF has shown similar renal safety to that of ETV over a 2-year period. Renal function should be closely monitored, especially in patients who exhibit decreasing eGFR, DM, and the use of diuretics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)828-834
Number of pages7
JournalGut and liver
Volume11
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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