This study examines the implications of the fiber type and the distance between fibers on the pullout behavior of steel fibers embedded in ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC). For this, three different types of steel fibers, i.e., straight, hooked, and twisted, and four different distances between fibers, corresponding to fiber volume fractions of 1%, 2%, and 7% and a fiber bundle, were considered. To evaluate the effect of the distance between fibers, four individual fibers were included in a single dog-bone specimen, and a single fiber specimen was also fabricated and tested as a control specimen. Test results indicate that the twisted steel fiber exhibited the greatest pullout resistance, followed by the hooked and straight steel fibers. Approximately 30% lower bond strengths were obtained for the specimens with multiple fibers as compared to those with a single fiber, regardless of the fiber type and distance between fibers. The average bond strengths of the hooked and twisted steel fibers were improved by decreasing the distance between fibers up to 1 mm, corresponding to a volume fraction of 7%, while the bundled fiber specimens provided the poorest pullout resistance in terms of bond strength and energy absorption capacity for all types of fibers. The reduction rate of pullout resistance was the most significant for the straight fiber, relative to the hooked and twisted fibers. Minor matrix damage was obtained for the straight fiber specimen, and its pullout performance was not influenced by the surrounding fibers. In contrast, severe matrix damage was observed for the hooked and twisted fibers, and they were overlapped, causing a larger spalling area with a closer fiber distance.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Cement and Concrete Composites|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Oct|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2017R1C1B2007589 ).
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Building and Construction
- Materials Science(all)