Fluoxetine, a widely used anti-depressant compound, has several additional effects, including blockade of voltage-gated ion channels. We examined whether fluoxetine affects ATP-induced calcium signaling in PC12 cells by using fura-2-based digital calcium imaging and assay for [3H]-inositol phosphates (IPs). Treatment with ATP (100 μM for 2 min induced [Ca2+]i increases. The ATP-induced [Ca2+]i increases were significantly decreased by removal of extracellular Ca2+ and treatment with the inhibitor of endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase thapsigargin (1 μM). Treatment with fluoxetine for 5 min blocked the ATP-induced [Ca2+]i increase concentration-dependently. Treatment with fluoxetine (30 μM) for 5 min blocked the ATP-induced [Ca2+]i increase following removal of extracellular Ca2+ and depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores. While treatment with the L-type Ca2+ channel antagonist nimodipine for 10 min inhibited the ATP-induced [Ca2+]i increases significantly, treatment with fluoxetine alone blocked the ATP-induced responses. Treatment with fluoxetine also inhibited the 50 mM K+-induced [Ca2+]i increases completely. However, treatment with fluoxetine did not inhibit the ATP-induced [3H]-IPs formation. Collectively, we conclude that fluoxetine inhibits ATP-induced [Ca2+]i increases in PC12 cells by inhibiting both an influx of extracellular Ca2+ and a release of Ca2+ from intracellular stores without affecting IPs formation.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Feb|
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