Effects of high hydrostatic pressure on structure and colour of red ginseng (Panax ginseng)

Kashif Ghafoor, Sun Ok Kim, Dong Un Lee, Kijun Seong, Jiyong Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The conventional method of processing ginseng (Panax ginseng) roots into red ginseng involves mainly heating and drying processes. In the present study, this method was modified by using high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) to improve the physicochemical characteristics of red ginseng. Results: The HHP process (600 MPa for 1 min) significantly improved the histological properties of red ginseng by increasing cellular disruption and release of cell contents. The total reducing sugar content was significantly (P < 0.05) higher (increased from 10.67 to 15.25 mg g-1) in red ginseng processed at 600 MPa for 1 min. Similarly, the total free amino acid content also increased significantly (from 2.81 to 7.77 mg g-1). The HHP process resulted in superior and more even colouration and gave an attractive visual appearance to red ginseng. The optical density at 420 nm and Hunter's colour a value (redness) of extracts prepared from red ginseng increased significantly (P < 0.05) with the application of HHP. Conclusion: HHP-processed red ginseng has significantly higher reducing sugar and free amino acid contents together with a more compact cell structure and superior visual quality (brighter red colour). Hence the application of HHP in red ginseng processing can result in ginseng products of improved quality compared with those obtained by the conventional method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2975-2982
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Volume92
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 1

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Panax ginseng
Panax
Hydrostatic Pressure
Color
color
reducing sugars
free amino acids
Amino Acids
cell structures
sugar content
absorbance
Heating
drying
methodology
heat

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Ghafoor, Kashif ; Kim, Sun Ok ; Lee, Dong Un ; Seong, Kijun ; Park, Jiyong. / Effects of high hydrostatic pressure on structure and colour of red ginseng (Panax ginseng). In: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture. 2012 ; Vol. 92, No. 15. pp. 2975-2982.
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Effects of high hydrostatic pressure on structure and colour of red ginseng (Panax ginseng). / Ghafoor, Kashif; Kim, Sun Ok; Lee, Dong Un; Seong, Kijun; Park, Jiyong.

In: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, Vol. 92, No. 15, 01.12.2012, p. 2975-2982.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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