Effects of internal linkage groups of fluorinated diamine on the optical and dielectric properties of polyimide thin films

Wonbong Jang, Daeyong Shin, Seunghyuk Choi, Sunggook Park, Haksoo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

104 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To investigate the difference of the trifluoromethyl (CF3) group and ether group affecting the optical property of fluorinated polyimides (PIs), we prepared 4,4′-bis(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)diphenyl ether (4) with three ether groups and 2,2-bis[4-(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]hexafluoropropane (5) with four CF3 groups with 2-chloro-5-nitrobenzotrifluoride and 4,4′-dihydroxydiphenyl ether or 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenol)hexafluoropropane. Two series of organosoluble and light-colored PIs (4a-4c, 5a-5c) were synthesized from 4 and 5 with various aromatic dianhydrides: 3,3,4,4-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride (BTDA) (a), 4,4-oxydiphthalic anhydride (ODPA) (b), and 4,4-hexafluoroisopropylidenediphthalic anhydride (6FDA) (c), prepared through a typical two-step polymerization method. These PIs were soluble in amide polar solvents and even in less polar solvents. The glass-transition temperatures (Tg) of 4a-5c were 221-249 °C and the 10% weight-loss temperatures were above 530 °C. Their films had cutoff wavelengths between 339 and 399 nm and yellowness index ranges from 1.95 to 42.60. The dielectric constants estimated from the average refractive indices are 2.59-2.93 (1 MHz). In a comparison of the PI series based on 4, 5, and 4,4′-bis(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)biphenyl (6), we found that the CF3 group and ether group on the diamine had almost same effect in lowering the color, but the ether group had better thermal stability. The color intensity of the three PI series was lowered in the following order: 6 > 4 > 5. The PI 5c, synthesized from diamine 5 and dianhydride c, had six CF3 groups in a repeated segment and ether group at the same time, so it exhibited the lightest color among the three series.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2130-2143
Number of pages14
JournalPolymer
Volume48
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Mar 23

Fingerprint

Diamines
Polyimides
Ether
Dielectric properties
Ethers
Optical properties
Thin films
Anhydrides
Color
Amides
Refractive index
Thermodynamic stability
Permittivity
Polymerization
Wavelength

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Jang, Wonbong ; Shin, Daeyong ; Choi, Seunghyuk ; Park, Sunggook ; Han, Haksoo. / Effects of internal linkage groups of fluorinated diamine on the optical and dielectric properties of polyimide thin films. In: Polymer. 2007 ; Vol. 48, No. 7. pp. 2130-2143.
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abstract = "To investigate the difference of the trifluoromethyl (CF3) group and ether group affecting the optical property of fluorinated polyimides (PIs), we prepared 4,4′-bis(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)diphenyl ether (4) with three ether groups and 2,2-bis[4-(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]hexafluoropropane (5) with four CF3 groups with 2-chloro-5-nitrobenzotrifluoride and 4,4′-dihydroxydiphenyl ether or 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenol)hexafluoropropane. Two series of organosoluble and light-colored PIs (4a-4c, 5a-5c) were synthesized from 4 and 5 with various aromatic dianhydrides: 3,3,4,4-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride (BTDA) (a), 4,4-oxydiphthalic anhydride (ODPA) (b), and 4,4-hexafluoroisopropylidenediphthalic anhydride (6FDA) (c), prepared through a typical two-step polymerization method. These PIs were soluble in amide polar solvents and even in less polar solvents. The glass-transition temperatures (Tg) of 4a-5c were 221-249 °C and the 10{\%} weight-loss temperatures were above 530 °C. Their films had cutoff wavelengths between 339 and 399 nm and yellowness index ranges from 1.95 to 42.60. The dielectric constants estimated from the average refractive indices are 2.59-2.93 (1 MHz). In a comparison of the PI series based on 4, 5, and 4,4′-bis(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)biphenyl (6), we found that the CF3 group and ether group on the diamine had almost same effect in lowering the color, but the ether group had better thermal stability. The color intensity of the three PI series was lowered in the following order: 6 > 4 > 5. The PI 5c, synthesized from diamine 5 and dianhydride c, had six CF3 groups in a repeated segment and ether group at the same time, so it exhibited the lightest color among the three series.",
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Effects of internal linkage groups of fluorinated diamine on the optical and dielectric properties of polyimide thin films. / Jang, Wonbong; Shin, Daeyong; Choi, Seunghyuk; Park, Sunggook; Han, Haksoo.

In: Polymer, Vol. 48, No. 7, 23.03.2007, p. 2130-2143.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Effects of internal linkage groups of fluorinated diamine on the optical and dielectric properties of polyimide thin films

AU - Jang, Wonbong

AU - Shin, Daeyong

AU - Choi, Seunghyuk

AU - Park, Sunggook

AU - Han, Haksoo

PY - 2007/3/23

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N2 - To investigate the difference of the trifluoromethyl (CF3) group and ether group affecting the optical property of fluorinated polyimides (PIs), we prepared 4,4′-bis(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)diphenyl ether (4) with three ether groups and 2,2-bis[4-(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]hexafluoropropane (5) with four CF3 groups with 2-chloro-5-nitrobenzotrifluoride and 4,4′-dihydroxydiphenyl ether or 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenol)hexafluoropropane. Two series of organosoluble and light-colored PIs (4a-4c, 5a-5c) were synthesized from 4 and 5 with various aromatic dianhydrides: 3,3,4,4-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride (BTDA) (a), 4,4-oxydiphthalic anhydride (ODPA) (b), and 4,4-hexafluoroisopropylidenediphthalic anhydride (6FDA) (c), prepared through a typical two-step polymerization method. These PIs were soluble in amide polar solvents and even in less polar solvents. The glass-transition temperatures (Tg) of 4a-5c were 221-249 °C and the 10% weight-loss temperatures were above 530 °C. Their films had cutoff wavelengths between 339 and 399 nm and yellowness index ranges from 1.95 to 42.60. The dielectric constants estimated from the average refractive indices are 2.59-2.93 (1 MHz). In a comparison of the PI series based on 4, 5, and 4,4′-bis(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)biphenyl (6), we found that the CF3 group and ether group on the diamine had almost same effect in lowering the color, but the ether group had better thermal stability. The color intensity of the three PI series was lowered in the following order: 6 > 4 > 5. The PI 5c, synthesized from diamine 5 and dianhydride c, had six CF3 groups in a repeated segment and ether group at the same time, so it exhibited the lightest color among the three series.

AB - To investigate the difference of the trifluoromethyl (CF3) group and ether group affecting the optical property of fluorinated polyimides (PIs), we prepared 4,4′-bis(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)diphenyl ether (4) with three ether groups and 2,2-bis[4-(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]hexafluoropropane (5) with four CF3 groups with 2-chloro-5-nitrobenzotrifluoride and 4,4′-dihydroxydiphenyl ether or 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenol)hexafluoropropane. Two series of organosoluble and light-colored PIs (4a-4c, 5a-5c) were synthesized from 4 and 5 with various aromatic dianhydrides: 3,3,4,4-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride (BTDA) (a), 4,4-oxydiphthalic anhydride (ODPA) (b), and 4,4-hexafluoroisopropylidenediphthalic anhydride (6FDA) (c), prepared through a typical two-step polymerization method. These PIs were soluble in amide polar solvents and even in less polar solvents. The glass-transition temperatures (Tg) of 4a-5c were 221-249 °C and the 10% weight-loss temperatures were above 530 °C. Their films had cutoff wavelengths between 339 and 399 nm and yellowness index ranges from 1.95 to 42.60. The dielectric constants estimated from the average refractive indices are 2.59-2.93 (1 MHz). In a comparison of the PI series based on 4, 5, and 4,4′-bis(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)biphenyl (6), we found that the CF3 group and ether group on the diamine had almost same effect in lowering the color, but the ether group had better thermal stability. The color intensity of the three PI series was lowered in the following order: 6 > 4 > 5. The PI 5c, synthesized from diamine 5 and dianhydride c, had six CF3 groups in a repeated segment and ether group at the same time, so it exhibited the lightest color among the three series.

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