To investigate the difference of the trifluoromethyl (CF3) group and ether group affecting the optical property of fluorinated polyimides (PIs), we prepared 4,4′-bis(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)diphenyl ether (4) with three ether groups and 2,2-bis[4-(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]hexafluoropropane (5) with four CF3 groups with 2-chloro-5-nitrobenzotrifluoride and 4,4′-dihydroxydiphenyl ether or 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenol)hexafluoropropane. Two series of organosoluble and light-colored PIs (4a-4c, 5a-5c) were synthesized from 4 and 5 with various aromatic dianhydrides: 3,3,4,4-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride (BTDA) (a), 4,4-oxydiphthalic anhydride (ODPA) (b), and 4,4-hexafluoroisopropylidenediphthalic anhydride (6FDA) (c), prepared through a typical two-step polymerization method. These PIs were soluble in amide polar solvents and even in less polar solvents. The glass-transition temperatures (Tg) of 4a-5c were 221-249 °C and the 10% weight-loss temperatures were above 530 °C. Their films had cutoff wavelengths between 339 and 399 nm and yellowness index ranges from 1.95 to 42.60. The dielectric constants estimated from the average refractive indices are 2.59-2.93 (1 MHz). In a comparison of the PI series based on 4, 5, and 4,4′-bis(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)biphenyl (6), we found that the CF3 group and ether group on the diamine had almost same effect in lowering the color, but the ether group had better thermal stability. The color intensity of the three PI series was lowered in the following order: 6 > 4 > 5. The PI 5c, synthesized from diamine 5 and dianhydride c, had six CF3 groups in a repeated segment and ether group at the same time, so it exhibited the lightest color among the three series.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korean Science and Engineering Foundation through the National Research Laboratory Program.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry