Effects of number and gender of offspring on quality of life among older adults: Evidence from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, 2006-2012

Jae Hyun Kim, Sang Gyu Lee, Jaeyong Shin, Kyung Hee Cho, Jae Woo Choi, Eun Cheol Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We examined correlations between number and gender of offspring and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and quality of life (QoL) in older adults. Setting: We used data from the 2006-2012 data sets of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. Participants: There were 10 242, 8680, 7907 and 7480 participants in 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012, respectively. Interventions: Number and gender of offspring. Primary and secondary outcome measures: We measured participants' QoL and HRQoL using a visual analogue scale developed by the Korea Labour Institute and which is similar to the EQ-VAS, a European measure. Results: We estimated the HRQoL and QoL of individuals with offspring. Estimates for the HRQoL and QoL of parents with no offspring were -7.762 and -9.384, respectively (both p<0.0001) versus parents with two offspring. For parents with five or more offspring, the estimates for the HRQoL and QoL were -1.529 and 0.885, respectively (p<0.001 and p<0.017, respectively) compared with parents with two offspring. For fathers with no offspring compared with fathers with two offspring, the estimates for the HRQoL and QoL were -6.143 and -7.492, respectively (both p<0.0001). Conclusions: These results suggest that number of offspring is associated with both HRQoL and QoL. Those with no offspring showed the lowest HRQoL and QoL. Although having five or more children had positive associations with QoL, it had negative associations with HRQoL. Public health services for those with poor quality of life should provide effective support programmes and services based on these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere007346
JournalBMJ open
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Longitudinal Studies
Quality of Life
Parents
Fathers
United States Public Health Service

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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@article{583f696d721848b1a884747838b4678e,
title = "Effects of number and gender of offspring on quality of life among older adults: Evidence from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, 2006-2012",
abstract = "Objectives: We examined correlations between number and gender of offspring and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and quality of life (QoL) in older adults. Setting: We used data from the 2006-2012 data sets of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. Participants: There were 10 242, 8680, 7907 and 7480 participants in 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012, respectively. Interventions: Number and gender of offspring. Primary and secondary outcome measures: We measured participants' QoL and HRQoL using a visual analogue scale developed by the Korea Labour Institute and which is similar to the EQ-VAS, a European measure. Results: We estimated the HRQoL and QoL of individuals with offspring. Estimates for the HRQoL and QoL of parents with no offspring were -7.762 and -9.384, respectively (both p<0.0001) versus parents with two offspring. For parents with five or more offspring, the estimates for the HRQoL and QoL were -1.529 and 0.885, respectively (p<0.001 and p<0.017, respectively) compared with parents with two offspring. For fathers with no offspring compared with fathers with two offspring, the estimates for the HRQoL and QoL were -6.143 and -7.492, respectively (both p<0.0001). Conclusions: These results suggest that number of offspring is associated with both HRQoL and QoL. Those with no offspring showed the lowest HRQoL and QoL. Although having five or more children had positive associations with QoL, it had negative associations with HRQoL. Public health services for those with poor quality of life should provide effective support programmes and services based on these findings.",
author = "Kim, {Jae Hyun} and Lee, {Sang Gyu} and Jaeyong Shin and Cho, {Kyung Hee} and Choi, {Jae Woo} and Park, {Eun Cheol}",
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Effects of number and gender of offspring on quality of life among older adults : Evidence from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, 2006-2012. / Kim, Jae Hyun; Lee, Sang Gyu; Shin, Jaeyong; Cho, Kyung Hee; Choi, Jae Woo; Park, Eun Cheol.

In: BMJ open, Vol. 5, No. 6, e007346, 01.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of number and gender of offspring on quality of life among older adults

T2 - Evidence from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging, 2006-2012

AU - Kim, Jae Hyun

AU - Lee, Sang Gyu

AU - Shin, Jaeyong

AU - Cho, Kyung Hee

AU - Choi, Jae Woo

AU - Park, Eun Cheol

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Objectives: We examined correlations between number and gender of offspring and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and quality of life (QoL) in older adults. Setting: We used data from the 2006-2012 data sets of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. Participants: There were 10 242, 8680, 7907 and 7480 participants in 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012, respectively. Interventions: Number and gender of offspring. Primary and secondary outcome measures: We measured participants' QoL and HRQoL using a visual analogue scale developed by the Korea Labour Institute and which is similar to the EQ-VAS, a European measure. Results: We estimated the HRQoL and QoL of individuals with offspring. Estimates for the HRQoL and QoL of parents with no offspring were -7.762 and -9.384, respectively (both p<0.0001) versus parents with two offspring. For parents with five or more offspring, the estimates for the HRQoL and QoL were -1.529 and 0.885, respectively (p<0.001 and p<0.017, respectively) compared with parents with two offspring. For fathers with no offspring compared with fathers with two offspring, the estimates for the HRQoL and QoL were -6.143 and -7.492, respectively (both p<0.0001). Conclusions: These results suggest that number of offspring is associated with both HRQoL and QoL. Those with no offspring showed the lowest HRQoL and QoL. Although having five or more children had positive associations with QoL, it had negative associations with HRQoL. Public health services for those with poor quality of life should provide effective support programmes and services based on these findings.

AB - Objectives: We examined correlations between number and gender of offspring and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and quality of life (QoL) in older adults. Setting: We used data from the 2006-2012 data sets of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging. Participants: There were 10 242, 8680, 7907 and 7480 participants in 2006, 2008, 2010 and 2012, respectively. Interventions: Number and gender of offspring. Primary and secondary outcome measures: We measured participants' QoL and HRQoL using a visual analogue scale developed by the Korea Labour Institute and which is similar to the EQ-VAS, a European measure. Results: We estimated the HRQoL and QoL of individuals with offspring. Estimates for the HRQoL and QoL of parents with no offspring were -7.762 and -9.384, respectively (both p<0.0001) versus parents with two offspring. For parents with five or more offspring, the estimates for the HRQoL and QoL were -1.529 and 0.885, respectively (p<0.001 and p<0.017, respectively) compared with parents with two offspring. For fathers with no offspring compared with fathers with two offspring, the estimates for the HRQoL and QoL were -6.143 and -7.492, respectively (both p<0.0001). Conclusions: These results suggest that number of offspring is associated with both HRQoL and QoL. Those with no offspring showed the lowest HRQoL and QoL. Although having five or more children had positive associations with QoL, it had negative associations with HRQoL. Public health services for those with poor quality of life should provide effective support programmes and services based on these findings.

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U2 - 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-007346

DO - 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-007346

M3 - Review article

C2 - 26063566

AN - SCOPUS:84937232300

VL - 5

JO - BMJ Open

JF - BMJ Open

SN - 2044-6055

IS - 6

M1 - e007346

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