Effects of performing an abdominal drawing-in maneuver during prone hip extension exercises on hip and back extensor muscle activity and amount of anterior pelvic tilt

Jae Seop Oh, Heon Seock Cynn, Jong Hyuk Won, Oh Yun Kwon, Chung Hwi Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fisheye STUDY DESIGN: Comparative, repeated-measures study. Fisheye OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of an abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM) using a pressure biofeedback unit on electromyographic (EMG) signal amplitude of the hip and back extensors, and the angle of anterior pelvic tilt during hip extension in the prone position. Fisheye BACKGROUND: Prone hip extension is a commonly used position for testing hip extensors strength and performing hip extension exercises. Performing an ADIM during hip extension exercise in prone may reduce the activity of erector spinae and angle of anterior pelvic tilt and increase the activity of hip extensors. Fisheye METHODS: Twenty ablebodied volunteers (10 male, 10 female), aged 19 to 26 years (mean ± SD, 22.3 ± 3.4 years), were recruited for this study. The EMG signal amplitude and angle of anterior pelvic tilt were measured during prone hip extension with and without performing an ADIM. Surface EMG signal was recorded from the erector spinae, gluteus maximus, and medial hamstrings. Kinematic data for anterior pelvic tilt were measured using a motion analysis system. Data were analyzed using 2-way ANOVAs. Fisheye RESULTS: When performing an ADIM during hip extension exercises done in a prone position, the EMG signal amplitude decreased significantly in the erector spinae (mean ± SD, 49 ± 14 %MVIC versus 17 ± 12 %MVIC; P<.001), and increased significantly in both the gluteus maximus (mean ± SD, 24 ± 8 %MVIC versus 52 ± 15 %MVIC; P<.001) and medial hamstrings (mean ± SD, 47 ± 14 %MVIC versus 58 ± 20 %MVIC; P = .008). The angle of anterior pelvic tilt decreased significantly during prone hip extension with an ADIM (mean ± SD, 10° ± 2° versus 3° ± 1°; P<.001). Fisheye CONCLUSIONS: Based on these findings, an ADIM could be used as an effective method to disassociate erector spinae activation from gluteus maximus and medial hamstrings during prone hip extension exercise.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-324
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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