In order to reduce the R-C time delay of ULSI circuits, interconnection materials with low resistance and/or interlayer films with low dielectric constant should be applied. A SiO2 aerogel film processed by spin-coating and supercritical drying has high porosity and large integral surface area. Therefore, this material can offer a low dielectric constant. In this work, we demonstrated that various gas plasma treatments can control the internal surface chemical species of SiO2 aerogel film, such as organic groups, hydroxyl groups, and adsorbed water. Through O2, N2, He, and Ar plasma treatments, condensation reaction between -OR and -OH groups happened and this induced the reduction of film thickness. After the treatments, -OH related bonds were formed due to adsorbed moisture. Therefore, the dielectric constant and the leakage current increased. However, the amelioration of electrical properties could be obtained after subsequent thermal treatment. On the contrary, a H2 plasma treated SiO2 aerogel film showed better leakage current behavior than that of the thermally treated one. This was due to the hydrophobic character of the H2 plasma treated sample. The H2 plasma was seemed to passivate porous SiO2 aerogel film with hydrogen. Then H2 plasma treatment was revealed as one possible post-treatment of the SiO2 aerogel film for applying to an intermetal dielectric in a multilevel interconnection structure.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors of this paper would like to thank Samsung Electronics corporation for its support of this research and the Brain Korea 21 project.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry