Effects of post ischemia-reperfusion treatment with trimetazidine on renal injury in rats: Insights on delayed renal fibrosis progression

Jin Ha Park, Ji Hae Jun, Jae Kwang Shim, Eun Jung Shin, Eunah Shin, Young Lan Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Even after recovery from acute kidney injury, glomeruli remain vulnerable to further injury by way of interstitial fibrosis. This study is aimed at elucidating the effects of post ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) treatment with trimetazidine on the progression to renal fibrosis as well as short- and intermediate-term aspects. Trimetazidine 3 mg/kg or 0.9% saline was given intraperitoneally once upon reperfusion or daily thereafter for 5 d or 8 w. Renal histologic changes and related signaling proteins were assessed. After 24 h, post I/R treatment with trimetazidine significantly reduced serum blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels and tubular injury accompanied with upregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor- (HIF-) 1α, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and Bcl-2 expression. After 5 d, post I/R treatment with trimetazidine reduced renal tubular cell necrosis and apoptosis with upregulation of HIF-1α-VEGF and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase activities, attenuation of matrix metalloproteinase activities, and alteration of the ratio of Bax to Bcl-2 levels. After 8 w, however, post I/R treatment with trimetazidine did not modify the progression of renal fibrosis. In conclusion, post I/R treatment with trimetazidine allows ischemic kidneys to regain renal function and structure more rapidly compared to nontreated kidneys, but not enough to resolute renal fibrosis in long-term aspect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1072805
JournalOxidative medicine and cellular longevity
Volume2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Ageing
  • Cell Biology

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