Effects of processing and materials variations on mechanical properties of lightweight cement composites

Seung Bum Park, Eui Sik Yoon, Burtrand I. Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Low-density/low-cost cement composites were fabricated. Carbon and alkali-resistant glass fibers were used to reinforce the matrix of industrial by-products; fly ash with silica fume, Portland cement, and calcium silicates were mixed in different proportions. The additional low density was obtained by adding perlite and foaming agents followed by hot water curing. The composites also were prepared by autoclave curing for comparison. The mechanical properties were improved by increasing the amount of silica fume, fly ash, and fibers. Both carbon fibers and alkali-resistant glass fibers were effective in reinforcing the matrices, but carbon fibers were superior to glass fibers. Fabrication techniques for producing lightweight cement composites that can substitute for autoclaved lightweight concrete was developed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-200
Number of pages8
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Feb
EventProceedings of the 1997 Materials Research Society Symposium on Advances in Materials for Cementitious Composites, MRS-97 - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: 1997 Dec 11997 Dec 3

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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