Effects of reduction treatment on the photorefractive properties of Pb0.5Ba0.5Nb2O6

Myeongkyu Lee, Robert S. Feigelson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lead barium niobate is a new photorefractive material of high interest for a variety of applications including holographic storage. Pb0.5Ba0.5Nb2O6 crystals have been grown by the Bridgman method, and the effects of heat treatments on their photorefractive properties were investigated using Ar ion laser at λ = 514.5 nm. The color and absorption spectrum of the crystals varied depending on the oxygen partial pressure during heat treatment. The oxygen diffusivity was estimated to be in the order of 10-6 and 10-5 cm2/h at 425 and 550 °C, respectively. Reduction treatment at an oxygen pressure of 215 mTorr increased the effective density of photorefractive charges about three times from 8.0 × 1015 to 2.2 × 1016 cm-3 and made the charge transport more electron-dominant. As a result, the maximum gain coefficient improved from 5.5 to 13.8 cm-1. A diffraction efficiency as high as 70% was achieved in a reduced crystal.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)759-764
Number of pages6
JournalOptical Materials
Volume21
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Feb

Fingerprint

Oxygen
Crystals
oxygen
heat treatment
Heat treatment
Photorefractive materials
crystals
Crystal growth from melt
Bridgman method
Diffraction efficiency
niobates
Barium
Partial pressure
diffusivity
barium
partial pressure
Charge transfer
Absorption spectra
Lead
Ions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science(all)
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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Effects of reduction treatment on the photorefractive properties of Pb0.5Ba0.5Nb2O6. / Lee, Myeongkyu; Feigelson, Robert S.

In: Optical Materials, Vol. 21, No. 4, 02.2003, p. 759-764.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

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AU - Lee, Myeongkyu

AU - Feigelson, Robert S.

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N2 - Lead barium niobate is a new photorefractive material of high interest for a variety of applications including holographic storage. Pb0.5Ba0.5Nb2O6 crystals have been grown by the Bridgman method, and the effects of heat treatments on their photorefractive properties were investigated using Ar ion laser at λ = 514.5 nm. The color and absorption spectrum of the crystals varied depending on the oxygen partial pressure during heat treatment. The oxygen diffusivity was estimated to be in the order of 10-6 and 10-5 cm2/h at 425 and 550 °C, respectively. Reduction treatment at an oxygen pressure of 215 mTorr increased the effective density of photorefractive charges about three times from 8.0 × 1015 to 2.2 × 1016 cm-3 and made the charge transport more electron-dominant. As a result, the maximum gain coefficient improved from 5.5 to 13.8 cm-1. A diffraction efficiency as high as 70% was achieved in a reduced crystal.

AB - Lead barium niobate is a new photorefractive material of high interest for a variety of applications including holographic storage. Pb0.5Ba0.5Nb2O6 crystals have been grown by the Bridgman method, and the effects of heat treatments on their photorefractive properties were investigated using Ar ion laser at λ = 514.5 nm. The color and absorption spectrum of the crystals varied depending on the oxygen partial pressure during heat treatment. The oxygen diffusivity was estimated to be in the order of 10-6 and 10-5 cm2/h at 425 and 550 °C, respectively. Reduction treatment at an oxygen pressure of 215 mTorr increased the effective density of photorefractive charges about three times from 8.0 × 1015 to 2.2 × 1016 cm-3 and made the charge transport more electron-dominant. As a result, the maximum gain coefficient improved from 5.5 to 13.8 cm-1. A diffraction efficiency as high as 70% was achieved in a reduced crystal.

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