Microcellular plastics (MCPs) are manufactured through a batch process comprised of saturation and foaming stages. In the saturation process, gas molecules are dissolved into plastic in a high-pressure vessel. Following the saturation process, micro-cells are formed inside the plastic as the gas-dissolved plastic sample undergoes the foaming process. In this paper, we investigate the effects of repeating the batch process on the formation of MCPs. Because the plastic sample after the first batch process has developed microcells, these pre-existing cells are expected to affect the second round of the batch process. Of particular interest is the effect of repeated saturation at different saturation pressures. Experiments show that repeating the batch process can lead to favorable outcomes in terms of foaming ratio and cell morphology, which are otherwise unattainable particularly with a single batch process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science (miscellaneous)
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry