Effects of Simultaneous Static and Traveling Magnetic Fields on the Molten Steel Flow in a Continuous Casting Mold

Sang Woo Han, Hyun Jin Cho, Sun Yong Jin, Martin Sedén, In Beum Lee, Il Sohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The drawback of steel fluid flow phenomena for a continuous casting mold under an electromagnetic stirrer with a traveling magnetic field is the resulting severe meniscus fluctuations due to the high-velocity and excessive downward flow in the casting direction. This can result in slab surface defects due to mold flux or inclusion entrainment. To inhibit these defects in the as-cast steel products, the implementation of braking forces using static magnetic fields in combination with a traveling magnetic field was studied in the current study. The numerical results of the fluid flow in the mold under a combined traveling and static magnetic field operation show not only 50 pct lower downward flow speed, but also more enhanced rotational flow to improve washing effects. The numerical results were validated in commercial-scale operations. The results suggest the optimized range of the ratio between the traveling and static magnetic flux densities is 65 to 75 pct to ensure steel quality improvements; this range maintains a balance between the fluid forces from the jet flow and the magnetic forces in the mold.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2757-2769
Number of pages13
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions B: Process Metallurgy and Materials Processing Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Oct 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society and ASM International.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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