Effects of social integration on depressive symptoms in Korea

Analysis from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-12)

Jae Hyun Kim, Euncheol Park, Sang Gyu Lee, Yunhwan Lee, Sung In Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives The effects of a range of types of social integration and patterns of change in social integration over time were examined directly in relation to depressive symptoms in a large sample of the Korean population aged ≥45 years. Methods Data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) between 2006 and 2012 were assessed using longitudinal data analysis. We included 10242 research subjects at baseline (2006) and based the primary analysis on generalised linear mixed models to examine association between social integration and depressive symptom. Results The odds ratio (OR) for depressive symptoms in individuals at the lowest level of social integration was 1.539-fold higher (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.360-1.742) that that for those at highest level of social integration. Results of subgroup analysis according to gender revealed a similar trend. A five-class linear solution fit the data best; Class 1 (lowest constant social integration level, 10.5% of the sample) was significantly associated with the highest risk of depressive symptoms (OR 1.933, 95% CI 1.706-2.190). Conclusions The results of the present study provide a scientific basis for the specific association between the level of social integration and changes in social integration pattern with the risk of depressive symptoms in current practice. Therefore, interventions to provide emotional support for older adults via social integration may be important to protect against depressive symptoms. What is known about the topic? Although there has been considerable discussion about social integration among old adults, few studies related to effect of social integration on depression have been conducted. What does this paper add? The findings of the present study indicate that a high level of social integration is inversely related to depressive symptoms and is also associated with a substantial positive effect on depressive symptoms among individuals aged ≥45 years. What are the implications for practitioners? This paper provides evidence showing that it is useful to assess indicators of both social and emotional loneliness, which have been theorised to correspond to low social integration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-230
Number of pages9
JournalAustralian Health Review
Volume41
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Korea
Longitudinal Studies
Depression
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Research Subjects
Loneliness
Linear Models

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health Policy

Cite this

@article{e06a4e1bb772453996cb3816b087290e,
title = "Effects of social integration on depressive symptoms in Korea: Analysis from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-12)",
abstract = "Objectives The effects of a range of types of social integration and patterns of change in social integration over time were examined directly in relation to depressive symptoms in a large sample of the Korean population aged ≥45 years. Methods Data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) between 2006 and 2012 were assessed using longitudinal data analysis. We included 10242 research subjects at baseline (2006) and based the primary analysis on generalised linear mixed models to examine association between social integration and depressive symptom. Results The odds ratio (OR) for depressive symptoms in individuals at the lowest level of social integration was 1.539-fold higher (95{\%} confidence interval (CI) 1.360-1.742) that that for those at highest level of social integration. Results of subgroup analysis according to gender revealed a similar trend. A five-class linear solution fit the data best; Class 1 (lowest constant social integration level, 10.5{\%} of the sample) was significantly associated with the highest risk of depressive symptoms (OR 1.933, 95{\%} CI 1.706-2.190). Conclusions The results of the present study provide a scientific basis for the specific association between the level of social integration and changes in social integration pattern with the risk of depressive symptoms in current practice. Therefore, interventions to provide emotional support for older adults via social integration may be important to protect against depressive symptoms. What is known about the topic? Although there has been considerable discussion about social integration among old adults, few studies related to effect of social integration on depression have been conducted. What does this paper add? The findings of the present study indicate that a high level of social integration is inversely related to depressive symptoms and is also associated with a substantial positive effect on depressive symptoms among individuals aged ≥45 years. What are the implications for practitioners? This paper provides evidence showing that it is useful to assess indicators of both social and emotional loneliness, which have been theorised to correspond to low social integration.",
author = "Kim, {Jae Hyun} and Euncheol Park and Lee, {Sang Gyu} and Yunhwan Lee and Jang, {Sung In}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1071/AH16029",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "222--230",
journal = "Australian Health Review",
issn = "0156-5788",
publisher = "CSIRO",
number = "2",

}

Effects of social integration on depressive symptoms in Korea : Analysis from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-12). / Kim, Jae Hyun; Park, Euncheol; Lee, Sang Gyu; Lee, Yunhwan; Jang, Sung In.

In: Australian Health Review, Vol. 41, No. 2, 01.01.2017, p. 222-230.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of social integration on depressive symptoms in Korea

T2 - Analysis from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006-12)

AU - Kim, Jae Hyun

AU - Park, Euncheol

AU - Lee, Sang Gyu

AU - Lee, Yunhwan

AU - Jang, Sung In

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Objectives The effects of a range of types of social integration and patterns of change in social integration over time were examined directly in relation to depressive symptoms in a large sample of the Korean population aged ≥45 years. Methods Data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) between 2006 and 2012 were assessed using longitudinal data analysis. We included 10242 research subjects at baseline (2006) and based the primary analysis on generalised linear mixed models to examine association between social integration and depressive symptom. Results The odds ratio (OR) for depressive symptoms in individuals at the lowest level of social integration was 1.539-fold higher (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.360-1.742) that that for those at highest level of social integration. Results of subgroup analysis according to gender revealed a similar trend. A five-class linear solution fit the data best; Class 1 (lowest constant social integration level, 10.5% of the sample) was significantly associated with the highest risk of depressive symptoms (OR 1.933, 95% CI 1.706-2.190). Conclusions The results of the present study provide a scientific basis for the specific association between the level of social integration and changes in social integration pattern with the risk of depressive symptoms in current practice. Therefore, interventions to provide emotional support for older adults via social integration may be important to protect against depressive symptoms. What is known about the topic? Although there has been considerable discussion about social integration among old adults, few studies related to effect of social integration on depression have been conducted. What does this paper add? The findings of the present study indicate that a high level of social integration is inversely related to depressive symptoms and is also associated with a substantial positive effect on depressive symptoms among individuals aged ≥45 years. What are the implications for practitioners? This paper provides evidence showing that it is useful to assess indicators of both social and emotional loneliness, which have been theorised to correspond to low social integration.

AB - Objectives The effects of a range of types of social integration and patterns of change in social integration over time were examined directly in relation to depressive symptoms in a large sample of the Korean population aged ≥45 years. Methods Data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) between 2006 and 2012 were assessed using longitudinal data analysis. We included 10242 research subjects at baseline (2006) and based the primary analysis on generalised linear mixed models to examine association between social integration and depressive symptom. Results The odds ratio (OR) for depressive symptoms in individuals at the lowest level of social integration was 1.539-fold higher (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.360-1.742) that that for those at highest level of social integration. Results of subgroup analysis according to gender revealed a similar trend. A five-class linear solution fit the data best; Class 1 (lowest constant social integration level, 10.5% of the sample) was significantly associated with the highest risk of depressive symptoms (OR 1.933, 95% CI 1.706-2.190). Conclusions The results of the present study provide a scientific basis for the specific association between the level of social integration and changes in social integration pattern with the risk of depressive symptoms in current practice. Therefore, interventions to provide emotional support for older adults via social integration may be important to protect against depressive symptoms. What is known about the topic? Although there has been considerable discussion about social integration among old adults, few studies related to effect of social integration on depression have been conducted. What does this paper add? The findings of the present study indicate that a high level of social integration is inversely related to depressive symptoms and is also associated with a substantial positive effect on depressive symptoms among individuals aged ≥45 years. What are the implications for practitioners? This paper provides evidence showing that it is useful to assess indicators of both social and emotional loneliness, which have been theorised to correspond to low social integration.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016988047&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85016988047&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1071/AH16029

DO - 10.1071/AH16029

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 222

EP - 230

JO - Australian Health Review

JF - Australian Health Review

SN - 0156-5788

IS - 2

ER -