Objective: To investigate whether sub-antimicrobial dose doxycycline (SDD) therapy for 120 d in chronic adult periodontitis patients had significant effects on gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) matrix metalloproteinase-8 (MMP-8) levels, and on gingival tissue MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels. Background: Tetracycline can significantly inhibit MMP activity in GCF and in gingival tissue, even in much lower dosage then a traditional antimicrobial dosage used in conventional therapy. Sub-antimicrobial dose doxycycline (SDD) therapy has been shown to reduce periodontal disease activity to control MMP and pro-inflammatory cytokines. Methods: A total of 32 patients with incipient to moderate (probing pocket depth ≈ 4-7 mm) chronic adult periodontitis were included in the study. Subjects were randomly assigned to two groups. After scaling and root planning (SRP), the SRP + SDD group received SDD, 20 mg bid, whereas the SRP + placebo group received placebo, 20 mg bid. In the follow-up, efficacy measures included the change in probing pocket depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing (BOP) and gingival crevicular fluid MMP-8 levels, gingival tissue MMP-9, TIMP-1 and IL-6 levels from baseline to 120 d. Results: After 120 d, PD and CAL improved significantly in the SRP + SDD group. Initial MMP-8 levels for the SRP + SDD group and the SRP + placebo group were 407.13 ± 114.45 ng/ml and 378.71 ± 189.39 ng/ml, respectively, with no statistical difference between the two groups. MMP-8 levels for the SRP + SDD group and the SRP + placebo group were: 235.35 ± 134.58 ng/ml and 364.04 ± 219.27 ng/ml at 30 d; 157.50 ± 95.95 ng/ml and 236.60 ± 186.16 ng/ml at 60 d; 102.70 ± 67.64 ng/ml and 208.56 ± 124.54 ng/ml at 90 d; and 63.77 ± 53.33 ng/ml and 229.13 ± 168.09 ng/ml at 120 d, respectively. The amount of decrease in MMP-8 levels for the SRP + SDD group was statistically significant compared to that for the SRP + placebo group, especially apparent at 120 d (p < 0.05). TIMP-1 levels in both groups increased from the baseline to 120 d with statistical significance (p-value < 0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups. Changes in MMP-9 and IL-6 levels were not statistically significant. Conclusion: Adjunctive SDD therapy can improve the clinical parameters and this clinical improvement is reflected by controlled level of MMP-8 in chronic adult periodontitis after the therapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes