Experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of surface charge density on emulsion kinetics and secondary particle formation in emulsifier-free seeded emulsion polymerization. Three monodisperse seed latices with different surface charge densities were prepared from styrene/NaSS comonomers using the two-stage shot-growth process. After purification of the seed latices, they were used in seeded emulsion polymerization of methyl methacrylate. The initial rate of polymerization and the average number of radicals per particle for the high-charged seed latex system were lower than that of the low-charged case. The low rate of polymerization resulted from the low rate of radical adsorption in the beginning of the reaction due to the electrical repulsion between seeds and oligomeric radicals. In this case, because of the secondary particles, particle size distribution became bimodal. The low rate of radical adsorption and the formation of secondary particles reduced the average number of radicals per particle. The rate of polymerization (Rp) increased, but the rate of polymerization per particle (RP/NP) decreased.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry