Effects of thermal nonequilibrium and non-uniform temperature gradients on the onset of convection in a heterogeneous porous medium

I. S. Shivakumara, Jinho Lee, K. Vajravelu, A. L. Mamatha

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The simultaneous effect of local thermal nonequilibrium (LTNE), vertical heterogeneity of permeability, and non-uniform basic temperature gradient on the criterion for the onset of Darcy-Benard convection is studied. The eigenvalue problem is solved numerically using the Galerkin method. The interaction of various types of permeability heterogeneity and non-uniform basic temperature gradient functions on the stability characteristics of the system is analyzed. It is observed that the linear variation (about the mean) of the permeability and the basic temperature gradient with depth has no added effect on the criterion for the onset of convection. However, the concurrent variation in heterogeneous permeability and non-uniform basic temperature gradient functions has more stabilizing effect on the system, while opposite is the trend when the effect of non-uniform basic temperature gradient alone is present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)906-910
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Aug 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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