Effects of thermoforming on the physical and mechanical properties of thermoplastic materials for transparent orthodontic aligners

Jeong Hyun Ryu, Jae Sung Kwon, Heng Bo Jiang, Jung Yul Cha, Kwang Mahn Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this systematic multiscale analysis was to evaluate the effects of thermoforming on the physical and mechanical properties of thermoplastic materials used to fabricate transparent orthodontic aligners (TOAs). Methods: Specimens were fabricated using four types of thermoplastic materials with different thicknesses under a thermal vacuum. Transparency, water absorption and solubility, surface hardness, and the results of three-point bending and tensile tests were evaluated before and after thermoforming. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Student’s t-test. Results: After thermoforming, the transparency of Duran and Essix A+ decreased, while the water absorption ability of all materials; the water solubility of Duran, Essix A+, and Essix ACE; and the surface hardness of Duran and Essix A+ increased. The flexure modulus for the 0.5-mm-thick Duran, Essix A+, and eCligner specimens increased, whereas that for the 0.75-/1.0-mm-thick Duran and eClginer specimens decreased. In addition, the elastic modulus increased for the 0.5-mm-thick Essix A+ specimens and decreased for the 0.75-mm-thick Duran and Essix ACE and the 1.0-mm-thick Essix ACE specimens. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the physical and mechanical properties of thermoplastic materials used for the fabrication of TOAs should be evaluated after thermoforming in order to characterize their properties for clinical application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)316-325
Number of pages10
JournalKorean Journal of Orthodontics
Volume48
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Sep

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Orthodontics
Hardness
Solubility
Water
Elastic Modulus
Vacuum
Analysis of Variance
Hot Temperature
Students

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

Cite this

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abstract = "Objective: The aim of this systematic multiscale analysis was to evaluate the effects of thermoforming on the physical and mechanical properties of thermoplastic materials used to fabricate transparent orthodontic aligners (TOAs). Methods: Specimens were fabricated using four types of thermoplastic materials with different thicknesses under a thermal vacuum. Transparency, water absorption and solubility, surface hardness, and the results of three-point bending and tensile tests were evaluated before and after thermoforming. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Student’s t-test. Results: After thermoforming, the transparency of Duran and Essix A+ decreased, while the water absorption ability of all materials; the water solubility of Duran, Essix A+, and Essix ACE; and the surface hardness of Duran and Essix A+ increased. The flexure modulus for the 0.5-mm-thick Duran, Essix A+, and eCligner specimens increased, whereas that for the 0.75-/1.0-mm-thick Duran and eClginer specimens decreased. In addition, the elastic modulus increased for the 0.5-mm-thick Essix A+ specimens and decreased for the 0.75-mm-thick Duran and Essix ACE and the 1.0-mm-thick Essix ACE specimens. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that the physical and mechanical properties of thermoplastic materials used for the fabrication of TOAs should be evaluated after thermoforming in order to characterize their properties for clinical application.",
author = "Ryu, {Jeong Hyun} and Kwon, {Jae Sung} and Jiang, {Heng Bo} and Cha, {Jung Yul} and Kim, {Kwang Mahn}",
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Effects of thermoforming on the physical and mechanical properties of thermoplastic materials for transparent orthodontic aligners. / Ryu, Jeong Hyun; Kwon, Jae Sung; Jiang, Heng Bo; Cha, Jung Yul; Kim, Kwang Mahn.

In: Korean Journal of Orthodontics, Vol. 48, No. 5, 09.2018, p. 316-325.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kwon, Jae Sung

AU - Jiang, Heng Bo

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AU - Kim, Kwang Mahn

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