Effects of thread depth in the neck area on peri-implant hard and soft tissues: An animal study

Shan Pao Sun, Dong Won Lee, Jeong Ho Yun, Kwang Ho Park, Kwang Bum Park, Ik Sang Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Implants with deep thread depth have been developed for the purpose of increasing total implant surface area. However, effects of implant thread depth remain controversial. The aim of this study is to examine effects of thread depth on peri-implant tissues in terms of bone-implant contact (BIC), bone-implant volume (BIV), and hard and soft tissue dimensions using comprehensive analyses, including microcomputed tomography (micro-CT). Methods: Five beagle dogs received experimental intramandibular implants 3 months after removal of their premolars and first molars (P2, P3, P4, and M1). Two different types of implants were installed in each animal: deep threaded (DT) and shallow threaded (ST). Resonance frequency testing was performed on the day of implantation as well as 4 and 8 weeks after implantation. Intraoral radiography, micro-CT, and histomorphometry were used to evaluate peri-implant tissues 4 and 8 weeks after implantation. Results: There were no significant differences in resonance frequency test results between the two groups. Although radiographic analysis showed no group differences, micro-CT (P = 0.01) and histomorphometry (P = 0.003) revealed the DT group had significantly lower BIC values than the ST group at 4 weeks. However, by 8 weeks, BIC values of the two groups did not differ significantly. No significant differences in BIV or soft tissue height were observed between the two groups at either time point. Conclusion: DT implants showed no benefits over ST implants when inserted in dog mandibles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1360-1368
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume87
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

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