A nanocrystalline surface layer of about 100 μm thickness was generated on AZ91D Mg alloy using the ultrasonic nanocrystalline surface modification (UNSM) technique. Experiments were performed to study the effects of UNSM treatment on the tribological properties of AZ91D Mg alloy disk specimen and silicon nitride ceramic (Si 3N 4) ball combination. In the present study, UNSM-treated disk specimens with different nanocrystalline surface layer depths subjected to different impact loads were investigated. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) observations revealed that the grain size at the top surface layer was decreased down to a few nanometers after UNSM treatment. The UNSM-treated specimens showed better tribological properties representing about 23% reduction in friction and about 30% in wear rate compared to that of the untreated specimens.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Experimental part and surface analyses of this research were supported by a Grant (No. 2011K000290) from the Center for Nanostructured Materials Technology under the 21st Century Frontier R&D Programs of the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology of Korea (MEST) and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by Korean Government (MEST) (No. 2011-0000409 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films