An experimental study has been conducted to investigate the heat-transfer characteristics of blade tips and shrouds with and without unsteady wakes. Depending on the presence of unsteady wakes, the local heat/mass-transfer coefficients of the tip and shroud were measured using the naphthalene sublimation method. Wakes from unsteady blades were modeled as wakes generated from moving cylindrical rod bundles. Test conditions were set to the Reynolds number of 100, 000, based on an inlet velocity of 11.4 m/s and the axial chord length. The Strouhal number was varied from 0 to 0.22. For St = 0, high heat/mass-transfer coefficients appeared in regions where various flow patterns, such as flow reattachment, swirling flow, and vortexes, occurred. For St = 0.22, the heat/mass-transfer distributions of the tip and shroud were changed due to the unsteady wakes. Unsteady wakes made high turbulence intensity of leakage flow and flow patterns such as flow reattachment, swirling flow, and tip leakage vortex in the tip and shroud were changed and dispersed. There were also variations in the pitch-wise averaged Sherwood number of the blade tip and shroud on the presence of the unsteady wakes due to vortex shedding and dispersed flow patterns. Thus, considering the effects of unsteady wakes on the heat transfer of the blade tip and shroud, proper cooling designs for blade tips and shrouds should be investigated and adopted for effective cooling of gas turbine blades.
|Title of host publication||Heat Transfer|
|Publisher||American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|
|Event||ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2017 - Charlotte, United States|
Duration: 2017 Jun 26 → 2017 Jun 30
|Name||Proceedings of the ASME Turbo Expo|
|Other||ASME Turbo Expo 2017: Turbomachinery Technical Conference and Exposition, GT 2017|
|Period||17/6/26 → 17/6/30|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Energy Technology Development program (No.20161120100370) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy.
This work was supported by the Human Resources Development program (No.20144030200560) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy.
Copyright © 2017 ASME.
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