Background/Aims: We aimed to assess the role of vitamin D supplementation in the response to pegylated interferon-α (PEG-IFN-α) plus ribavirin (RBV) treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Methods: Our study was a multi-center, randomized controlled trial in 11 hos-pitals. CHC patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to two groups namely, PEG-IFN-α plus RBV (control group) or PEG-IFN-α plus RBV + vitamin D (800 IU dai-ly) (vitamin D group). The primary end-point was the rate of sustained virologic response (SVR). Results: One hundred forty eight CHC patients were randomly assigned to two groups. Seventy-one patients received the PEG-IFN-α plus RBV and 77 patients received the PEG-IFN-α plus RBV + vitamin D. A total of 105 patients complet-ed the study (control group, 47 vs. vitamin D group, 58). Baseline characteristics were mostly similar in both the groups. There was a modest but non-significant increase in SVR in the vitamin D group compared to the control group with the intention to treat analysis (64.0% vs. 49.3 %, p = 0.071) as well as in the per protocol analysis (control group vs. vitamin D group: 74.5% vs. 84.5%, p = 0.202). Fifty-two patients (73.2%) in the control group and 63 patients (81.8%) in the vitamin D group experienced at least one adverse event. The drop-out rate due to adverse effects was not different between both groups (control group vs. vitamin D group: 19.7% vs. 10.4%, p = 0.111). Conclusions: Vitamin D supplement did not increase SVR in treatment naïve patients with CHC irrespective of genotype.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine