Efficacy and toxicity of high-dose nebulized colistin for critically ill surgical patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii

Ji Young Jang, Hye Youn Kwon, Eun Hee Choi, Won Yeon Lee, Hongjin Shim, Keum Seok Bae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose Few studies have compared nebulized and intravenous (IV) colistin for multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia. This study compared the nephrotoxicity and clinical outcomes for these two delivery routes. Methods This study retrospectively compared 95 critically ill surgical patients who were diagnosed with Acinetobacter baumannii ventilator associated pneumonia and received colistin between March 2013 and January 2016. Results The most common diagnoses were brain hemorrhage (27.4%), traumatic brain injury (20%), traumatic thoracic injury (15.8%), and secondary peritonitis (11.6%). Compared to the IV group, the nebulizer group was significantly older (60.0 vs. 67.5 years, p = 0.010), had higher APACHE II scores (16.3 vs. 19.9, p = 0.001), and more frequently had diabetes mellitus (6.8% vs. 21.6%, p = 0.043). Nephrotoxicity was more common in the IV group (60.5% vs. 15.7%, p < 0.0001). Both groups had similar microbiological and clinical outcomes (p = 0.921 and p = 0.719, respectively). Patients with nephrotoxicity exhibited prolonged IV or nebulized colistin treatment and more frequent combination with vancomycin. Nephrotoxicity was independently associated with IV delivery (odds ratio: 8.48, 95% confidence interval: 2.95–24.39, p < 0.0001). Conclusions Nebulized colistin may have less nephrotoxicity and provide similar clinical results, compared to IV colistin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)251-256
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Volume40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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