This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of aerosolized chlorine dioxide (ClO2) in reducing Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium, and Listeria monocytogenes on washed carrots at various time durations and conditions. Populations of the bacteria on carrots were reduced by 1.5, 1.5, and 1.3 log CFU/g, respectively, in each inoculum after exposure to 300 ppm of aerosolized ClO2 for 30 min. Populations were further reduced by 2.4, 2.3, and 2.1 log CFU/g, respectively, at 400 ppm, showing a positive correlation between the concentrations of ClO2 and microbial control. The D-value was 13, 14, and 15 min for E. coli O157:H7, S. Typhimurium, and L. monocytogenes, respectively. ClO2 residues were 1 ppm or less in all treated carrots, showing no appearance or discoloration defects. As a result, effectiveness of aerosolized ClO2 in reducing bacterial pathogens and maintaining the quality of fresh carrots is signifying the prospects of aqueous ClO2 as a non-thermal disinfectant.
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Acknowledgements This research was supported in part by the Research Funds of Mokpo National University in 2014.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology