Efficacy of combination treatment with intracoronary abciximab and aspiration thrombectomy on myocardial perfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary coronary stenting

Sung Gyun Ahn, Seung Hwan Lee, Ji Hyun Lee, Jun Won Lee, Young Jin Youn, Min Soo Ahn, Jang Young Kim, Byung Su Yoo, Junghan Yoon, Kyung Hoon Choe, Seung Jea Tahk

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to investigate whether combination therapy using intracoronary (IC) abciximab and aspiration thrombectomy (AT) enhances myocardial perfusion compared to each treatment alone in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Materials and Methods: We enrolled 40 patients with STEMI, who presented within 6 h of symptom onset and had Thrombolysis in MI flow 0/1 or a large angiographic thrombus burden (grade 3/4). Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: 10 patients who received a bolus of IC abciximab (0.25 mg/kg); 10 patients who received only AT; and 20 patients who received both treatments. The index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) was measured with a pressure sensor/thermistor-tipped guidewire following successful PCI. Microvascular obstruction (MVO) was assessed using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging on day 5. Results: IMR was lower in the combination group than in the IC abciximab group (23.5±7.4 U vs. 66.9±48.7 U, p=0.001) and tended to be lower than in the AT group, with barely missed significance (23.5±7.4 U vs. 37.2±26.1 U, p=0.07). MVO was observed less frequently in the combination group than in the IC abciximab group (18.8% vs. 88.9%, p=0.002) and tended to occur less frequently than in the AT group (18.8% vs. 66.7%, p=0.054). No difference of IMR and MVO was found between the IC abciximab and the AT group (66.9±48.7 U vs. 37.2±26.1 U, p=0.451 for IMR; 88.9% vs. 66.7%, p=0.525 for MVO, respectively). Conclusion: Combination treatment using IC abciximab and AT may synergistically improve myocardial perfusion in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI (Trial Registration: clinicaltrials. gov Identifier: NCT01404507).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-616
Number of pages11
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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