Efficacy of combination treatment with intracoronary abciximab and aspiration thrombectomy on myocardial perfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary coronary stenting

Sung Gyun Ahn, Seung Hwan Lee, Ji Hyun Lee, Jun Won Lee, Young Jin Youn, Min Soo Ahn, Jang Young Kim, Byung Su Yoo, Junghan Yoon, Kyung Hoon Choe, Seung Jea Tahk

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Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to investigate whether combination therapy using intracoronary (IC) abciximab and aspiration thrombectomy (AT) enhances myocardial perfusion compared to each treatment alone in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Materials and Methods: We enrolled 40 patients with STEMI, who presented within 6 h of symptom onset and had Thrombolysis in MI flow 0/1 or a large angiographic thrombus burden (grade 3/4). Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: 10 patients who received a bolus of IC abciximab (0.25 mg/kg); 10 patients who received only AT; and 20 patients who received both treatments. The index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) was measured with a pressure sensor/thermistor-tipped guidewire following successful PCI. Microvascular obstruction (MVO) was assessed using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging on day 5. Results: IMR was lower in the combination group than in the IC abciximab group (23.5±7.4 U vs. 66.9±48.7 U, p=0.001) and tended to be lower than in the AT group, with barely missed significance (23.5±7.4 U vs. 37.2±26.1 U, p=0.07). MVO was observed less frequently in the combination group than in the IC abciximab group (18.8% vs. 88.9%, p=0.002) and tended to occur less frequently than in the AT group (18.8% vs. 66.7%, p=0.054). No difference of IMR and MVO was found between the IC abciximab and the AT group (66.9±48.7 U vs. 37.2±26.1 U, p=0.451 for IMR; 88.9% vs. 66.7%, p=0.525 for MVO, respectively). Conclusion: Combination treatment using IC abciximab and AT may synergistically improve myocardial perfusion in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI (Trial Registration: clinicaltrials. gov Identifier: NCT01404507).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)606-616
Number of pages11
JournalYonsei medical journal
Volume55
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May

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Thrombectomy
Perfusion
Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Therapeutics
ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction
abciximab
Thrombosis
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Pressure

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

@article{98f7fe1587e5486eb95987c9fdb9ff18,
title = "Efficacy of combination treatment with intracoronary abciximab and aspiration thrombectomy on myocardial perfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary coronary stenting",
abstract = "Purpose: We aimed to investigate whether combination therapy using intracoronary (IC) abciximab and aspiration thrombectomy (AT) enhances myocardial perfusion compared to each treatment alone in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Materials and Methods: We enrolled 40 patients with STEMI, who presented within 6 h of symptom onset and had Thrombolysis in MI flow 0/1 or a large angiographic thrombus burden (grade 3/4). Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: 10 patients who received a bolus of IC abciximab (0.25 mg/kg); 10 patients who received only AT; and 20 patients who received both treatments. The index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) was measured with a pressure sensor/thermistor-tipped guidewire following successful PCI. Microvascular obstruction (MVO) was assessed using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging on day 5. Results: IMR was lower in the combination group than in the IC abciximab group (23.5±7.4 U vs. 66.9±48.7 U, p=0.001) and tended to be lower than in the AT group, with barely missed significance (23.5±7.4 U vs. 37.2±26.1 U, p=0.07). MVO was observed less frequently in the combination group than in the IC abciximab group (18.8{\%} vs. 88.9{\%}, p=0.002) and tended to occur less frequently than in the AT group (18.8{\%} vs. 66.7{\%}, p=0.054). No difference of IMR and MVO was found between the IC abciximab and the AT group (66.9±48.7 U vs. 37.2±26.1 U, p=0.451 for IMR; 88.9{\%} vs. 66.7{\%}, p=0.525 for MVO, respectively). Conclusion: Combination treatment using IC abciximab and AT may synergistically improve myocardial perfusion in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI (Trial Registration: clinicaltrials. gov Identifier: NCT01404507).",
author = "Ahn, {Sung Gyun} and Lee, {Seung Hwan} and Lee, {Ji Hyun} and Lee, {Jun Won} and Youn, {Young Jin} and Ahn, {Min Soo} and Kim, {Jang Young} and Yoo, {Byung Su} and Junghan Yoon and Choe, {Kyung Hoon} and Tahk, {Seung Jea}",
year = "2014",
month = "5",
doi = "10.3349/ymj.2014.55.3.606",
language = "English",
volume = "55",
pages = "606--616",
journal = "Yonsei Medical Journal",
issn = "0513-5796",
publisher = "Yonsei University College of Medicine",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Efficacy of combination treatment with intracoronary abciximab and aspiration thrombectomy on myocardial perfusion in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary coronary stenting

AU - Ahn, Sung Gyun

AU - Lee, Seung Hwan

AU - Lee, Ji Hyun

AU - Lee, Jun Won

AU - Youn, Young Jin

AU - Ahn, Min Soo

AU - Kim, Jang Young

AU - Yoo, Byung Su

AU - Yoon, Junghan

AU - Choe, Kyung Hoon

AU - Tahk, Seung Jea

PY - 2014/5

Y1 - 2014/5

N2 - Purpose: We aimed to investigate whether combination therapy using intracoronary (IC) abciximab and aspiration thrombectomy (AT) enhances myocardial perfusion compared to each treatment alone in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Materials and Methods: We enrolled 40 patients with STEMI, who presented within 6 h of symptom onset and had Thrombolysis in MI flow 0/1 or a large angiographic thrombus burden (grade 3/4). Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: 10 patients who received a bolus of IC abciximab (0.25 mg/kg); 10 patients who received only AT; and 20 patients who received both treatments. The index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) was measured with a pressure sensor/thermistor-tipped guidewire following successful PCI. Microvascular obstruction (MVO) was assessed using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging on day 5. Results: IMR was lower in the combination group than in the IC abciximab group (23.5±7.4 U vs. 66.9±48.7 U, p=0.001) and tended to be lower than in the AT group, with barely missed significance (23.5±7.4 U vs. 37.2±26.1 U, p=0.07). MVO was observed less frequently in the combination group than in the IC abciximab group (18.8% vs. 88.9%, p=0.002) and tended to occur less frequently than in the AT group (18.8% vs. 66.7%, p=0.054). No difference of IMR and MVO was found between the IC abciximab and the AT group (66.9±48.7 U vs. 37.2±26.1 U, p=0.451 for IMR; 88.9% vs. 66.7%, p=0.525 for MVO, respectively). Conclusion: Combination treatment using IC abciximab and AT may synergistically improve myocardial perfusion in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI (Trial Registration: clinicaltrials. gov Identifier: NCT01404507).

AB - Purpose: We aimed to investigate whether combination therapy using intracoronary (IC) abciximab and aspiration thrombectomy (AT) enhances myocardial perfusion compared to each treatment alone in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Materials and Methods: We enrolled 40 patients with STEMI, who presented within 6 h of symptom onset and had Thrombolysis in MI flow 0/1 or a large angiographic thrombus burden (grade 3/4). Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: 10 patients who received a bolus of IC abciximab (0.25 mg/kg); 10 patients who received only AT; and 20 patients who received both treatments. The index of microcirculatory resistance (IMR) was measured with a pressure sensor/thermistor-tipped guidewire following successful PCI. Microvascular obstruction (MVO) was assessed using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging on day 5. Results: IMR was lower in the combination group than in the IC abciximab group (23.5±7.4 U vs. 66.9±48.7 U, p=0.001) and tended to be lower than in the AT group, with barely missed significance (23.5±7.4 U vs. 37.2±26.1 U, p=0.07). MVO was observed less frequently in the combination group than in the IC abciximab group (18.8% vs. 88.9%, p=0.002) and tended to occur less frequently than in the AT group (18.8% vs. 66.7%, p=0.054). No difference of IMR and MVO was found between the IC abciximab and the AT group (66.9±48.7 U vs. 37.2±26.1 U, p=0.451 for IMR; 88.9% vs. 66.7%, p=0.525 for MVO, respectively). Conclusion: Combination treatment using IC abciximab and AT may synergistically improve myocardial perfusion in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI (Trial Registration: clinicaltrials. gov Identifier: NCT01404507).

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U2 - 10.3349/ymj.2014.55.3.606

DO - 10.3349/ymj.2014.55.3.606

M3 - Article

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AN - SCOPUS:84898767792

VL - 55

SP - 606

EP - 616

JO - Yonsei Medical Journal

JF - Yonsei Medical Journal

SN - 0513-5796

IS - 3

ER -