Background and Purpose The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of stiripentol (STP) add-on therapy to valproate and clobazam in patients with Dravet syndrome (DS) according to the presence of mutations in the sodium channel alpha-1 subunit gene (SC-N1A). Methods We performed direct sequencing to analyze SCN1A mutations in 32 patients with clinically confirmed with DS, and classified them into mutation (pathogenic or likely pathogen-ic) and nonmutation groups based on American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics guidelines. We compared the efficacy of STP in reducing the seizure frequency between the two groups. Results The 32 patients comprised 15 patients in the mutation group (with definite SCN1A mutations) and 17 patients in the nonmutation group with variants of unknown significance or benign variants. The clinical profile did not differ significantly between the mutation and nonmutation groups. The seizure frequency relative to baseline reduced by 72.53±23.00% (mean±SD) in the mutation group versus 50.58±40.14% in the nonmutation group (p= 0.004). The efficacy of STP was better in DS patients with missense mutations that in those with truncation mutations, and was not favorable in patients with mutations at linkers between domains (DII–DIII), linkers between segments of domain I (DI S1–S2), or splice sites, although the small number of patients prevented statistical analyses. Conclusions The efficacy of STP was significantly better in DS patients with definite SCN1A mutations than in those without mutations.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology