Efficient conversion of extra-heavy oil into distillates using tetralin/activated carbon in a continuous reactor at elevated temperatures

Doo Wook Kim, Chang Ha Lee

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Tetralin/activated carbon was applied to the upgrading of vacuum residue (VR) in a continuous reactor. The experimental performance was evaluated at a fixed pressure of 5.0 MPa in the range of 385–470 °C, and 1.5 and 3.0 h−1 of liquid hourly space velocity. A lower space velocity, which is closely related to the reaction time, led to significantly higher conversion at the cost of forming a carbonaceous product (coke). Increasing the reaction temperature greatly affected the conversion of residue into lighter products. The application of a tetralin/activated carbon to the VR upgrading resulted in high residue conversion (74.5 wt%) and asphaltene reduction (80.8%) at 470 °C, with a small amount of coke (1.2 wt%). Additionally, the tetralin/activated carbon system led to reduction of the sulfur, nitrogen and metal concentrations in the liquid products. The hydrogen-donor solvent/carbon system acts as an attractive hydrogen-donor medium in the extra-heavy oil upgrading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)245-254
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis
Volume140
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun

Fingerprint

Activated carbon
Crude oil
Coke
Hydrogen
Vacuum
Liquids
Sulfur
Temperature
Nitrogen
Carbon
Metals
tetralin
asphaltene

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Fuel Technology

Cite this

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title = "Efficient conversion of extra-heavy oil into distillates using tetralin/activated carbon in a continuous reactor at elevated temperatures",
abstract = "Tetralin/activated carbon was applied to the upgrading of vacuum residue (VR) in a continuous reactor. The experimental performance was evaluated at a fixed pressure of 5.0 MPa in the range of 385–470 °C, and 1.5 and 3.0 h−1 of liquid hourly space velocity. A lower space velocity, which is closely related to the reaction time, led to significantly higher conversion at the cost of forming a carbonaceous product (coke). Increasing the reaction temperature greatly affected the conversion of residue into lighter products. The application of a tetralin/activated carbon to the VR upgrading resulted in high residue conversion (74.5 wt{\%}) and asphaltene reduction (80.8{\%}) at 470 °C, with a small amount of coke (1.2 wt{\%}). Additionally, the tetralin/activated carbon system led to reduction of the sulfur, nitrogen and metal concentrations in the liquid products. The hydrogen-donor solvent/carbon system acts as an attractive hydrogen-donor medium in the extra-heavy oil upgrading.",
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