Efficient, Nonintrusive Outcoupling in Organic Light Emitting Devices Using Embedded Microlens Arrays

Yue Qu, Jongchan Kim, Caleb Coburn, Stephen R. Forrest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We demonstrate efficient light extraction from the active region of bottom-emitting organic light emitting devices (OLEDs) using a high refractive index, nondiffractive hemispherical microlens array located between the transparent anode and embedded in the low refractive index glass substrate (n = 1.5). The subelectrode microlens array (SEMLA) results in a maximum external quantum efficiency of 70 ± 4% for green phosphorescent OLEDs (PHOLEDs). Furthermore, the wavelength- and viewing-angle-independent light extraction structure results in white PHOLED external efficiencies of 50 ± 3%. The SEMLA light extraction structure is nonintrusive; that is, it lies completely outside of the OLED structure. Since this design has no effect on the image resolution, it is compatible with applications for both displays and white light illumination, with no dependence on molecular transition dipole orientation and the active organic layers (and hence diode electrical characteristics) used in the PHOLED. Finally, due to the micrometer-scale feature size of the SEMLA, it is achieved using conventional photolithography prior to the OLED array deposition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2453-2458
Number of pages6
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jun 20

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the financial support by the United States Department of Energy Solid-State Lighting program under Award DE-EE0007626 and Universal Display Corp. This work was performed in part at the University of Michigan Lurie Nanofabrication Facility.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 American Chemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biotechnology
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Efficient, Nonintrusive Outcoupling in Organic Light Emitting Devices Using Embedded Microlens Arrays'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this